Tài Liệu Bồi Dưỡng Học Sinh Giỏi Lớp 7 Period 1 tenses summary (Tóm tắt)



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Tài Liệu Bồi Dưỡng Học Sinh Giỏi Lớp 7

Period 1+2 . TENSES

  1. Summary (Tóm tắt):




Tenses

Affirmation (KĐ)

Negation (PĐ)

Interrogation (NV)

With


Present simple


S + V(s-es)

(be): am- is- are

S + don’t/ doesn’t +V1

S+ am not/ isn’t/ aren’t

Do/Does + S+V1?

Am/Is/Are + S+…?

Everyday, usually, after school, never, often, sometimes, always, ...

Present

progressive

S + am/is/are + V-ing

S+am/is/are(not)+V-ing

Am/ Is/Are +S+V-ing?

Now, at the present, at the moment, at this time, Look! Listen, !Be careful!. Hurry up!

II. The differences between present simple and present progressive:




Present simple

Present progressive

1. Hành động có tính bền vững, luôn luôn đúng theo thói quen, phong tục và khả năng:

- I work in New York.


2. Nhận thức, tình cảm, tình trạng xảy ra lúc đang nói:

I know you are busy now.


3. Thời khoá biểu, lịch trình các chương trình:

The train for Hanoi leaves at 7.30 tonight.


4. Chân lý hiển nhiên:

- It rains a lot in HCM City.

1. Hành động có tính tạm thời, không thường xuyên:

(today, this week, this year...)

- I’m working in New York for a few weeks.
2. Không dùng thì này với các hoạt động nhận thức, tình cảm, tình trạng, sở hữu, tồn tại: see, think, believe, feel, look smell, taste, hear, expect, assume
3. Kế hoạch, sự sắp xếp cho tương lai gần:

- She is arriving at 11 o’clock.


4. Dùng kèm với ALWAYS diễn tả sự phàn nàn:

He is always coming to class late.


III. Give the correct form of these verbs: (Present simple and present progressive)

    1. The sun (set) …………in the West. The earth (circle) ……………the Sun once every 365 days.

    2. It usually (rain) ……………in the summer. Rivers usually (flow) ………………to the sea.

    3. They (often build) ………………… hotels, but this year they (build) ……………… hospitals.

    4. Bees (make) …………………………honey.

    5. They (get) …………………………on the scale now.

    6. Don’t worry. I (give) ……………………him your message when I (see) ……………………… him.

    7. Look! Jane (play) ..................... the guitar. this afternoon she (play) …………………… table tennis.

    8. I (not talk) …………………………to her at present.

    9. How often…………………………she (go) …………………………fishing?

- She (go) …………………………once a year.

    1. .............. your friends (be)…………………… students? - Yes, they (be) ..........................

    2. ................ the children (play…………………………in the park at the moment?

- No, they aren’t. They (learn) ..................................... to play the piano.

    1. ………….you (go)………………………….. to school on Sundays? – Yes, I do.

    2. My mother (cook) ………………………a meal now. She ( cook) ………………………everyday.

    3. What…………your mother (do)……………. at this time? - She (make) ………………a dress.

    4. ............. she often (go)……………………… to the cinema every weekend?

- I don’t know. But she always (go) ......................... to the church on Sundays.

    1. Hurry up! The bus (come) …………………………… .

17. The students (not be) …………………………in class at present.

18. She always (wash) …………………………the dishes after meals.

19. What____________ your father usually ____________ (do) in the evenings ?

20. He usually ____________ (watch)TV. He (not talk) ____________ to her at present.

21. He____________ (be) out at the moment but he____________ (be) back at about seven o’clock.


  1. I can ____________ (see) the children. They____________ (play) in the yard.


Period 3. TENSES

  1. Summary (Tóm tắt):




Tenses

Affirmation (KĐ)

Negation (PĐ)

Interrogation (NV)

With

Intended

Future

S + am/ is/ are + going to +V1



S + am/ is/ are+ not + going to +V1



Am/ Is/ Are + S+ going to +V1 ?


Tomorrow, tonight, soon, next, someday, in the future

Future

Simple

S+ will + V1

S+ will not + V1

Will + S + V1?

II. The differences between intended future and future simple:



Intended future

Future simple

1. Ý định đã được dự trù, sắp xếp trước khi nói:

- Iam going to visit New York this summer.

2. Sự suy đoán chắc chắn dựa vào căn cứ hiện tại:

- There are a lot of clouds. I think it is going to rain.




1. Ý định ngay khi nói hay hành động sẽ xảy ra ở tương lai không phụ thuộc vào ý định:

- He will come here tomorrow.


2. Ý kiến, lời hứa, hy vọng, phát biểu về một hành động trong tương lai: (think, promise, hope, expect..)

- Wait here and I will get you a drink.

- I think you will pass the exam.



III. Give the correct form of these verbs: (Intended future and Future simple)

  1. I think she (win) …………………………the gold medal.

  2. They (build) …………………………a house by June next year.

  3. Don’t worry. I (give) …………………………him your message when I see him.

  4. I (meet) …………………………Jane next week.

  5. What…………your mother (do) …………………next week? - She (make)…………………a dress.

  6. The students (not go ) …………………………on a trip next week.

  7. My mother is saving money because they ( buy) ……………………… a new house next year.

  8. She is preparing her trip now. She (visit) …………………… her friends tonight.

  9. What …………you (do)………………….. this Sunday? - I (visit) ......................... my grandparents.

  10. I think Liz and her parents (go) ………………………to Tri Nguyen Aquarium in Nha Trang.

IV. Present simple and Future simple trong mệnh đề điều kiện và mệnh đề thời gian chỉ tương lai:



- Mệnh đề thời gian:

S +Will + V1+ When/ while/ after/ before/ as/until + S + V (Present simple)

When/ while/ after/ before/ as/until + S + V (Present simple), S +Will + V1

When he comes tomorrow, we will welcome him.

- Mệnh đề điều kiện:

S +Will + V1+ if + S + V (Present simple)

If + S + V (Present simple),S +Will + V1

If she visits me next week, we will have dinner together.
V. Give the correct form of these verbs:

  1. We’ll go out when the rain (stop) ………………………….

  2. Miss Helen (help) …………………… you if she (finish) …………………… that letter tomorrow.

  3. I (come) ……………………… and (see) ……………………… you before I leave here.

  4. I (wait) ……………………… he if you (come) ……………………… back tomorrow.

  5. I (send) …………………… you some postcards as soon as I (arrive) …………………… in London.

  6. I’ll wait until he (finish) ……………………… his novel.

  7. I (give) ……………………… her your letter if I (see) ……………………… her tomorrow.

  8. When you (go) ………………… into the office, Mr. John (sit) …………………… at the front desk.

  9. We (wait) ……………………… for you when you (get) ……………………… back tomorrow.

  10. If you (come) ……………………… today, I (work) ……………………… at my desk in Room 12.

  11. I (give) ……………………… her your letter when I (see) ……………………… her tomorrow.

  12. As you (go) ………………… back home, your children (wait) ………………… at the front door.


Period 4 + 5. TEST 1

Question I: Underline the stressed syllables of these words:

Práctice, classmate, morning, student, answer, question, uncle, different, unhappy, parent, everything, pretty, busy, listen, number, beautiful, children, neighborhood, museum, hospital



Question II: Choose the word that has a different pronunciation from the others of each group:

  1. A. bread B. coffee C. meat D. tea

  2. A. bath B. bathe C. great D. stead

  3. A. leave B. read C. ready D. week

  4. A. hungry B. pupil C. Sunday D. up

  5. A. but B. come C. so D. much

  6. A. dirty B. early C. learn D. near

Question III: Put the verbs into correct tense or form:

  1. Lan (not have) ______________ many new friends in her new school.

  2. hung (come) ______________ from Vinh, but he (stay) ______________ with his relatives now.

  3. We (not drive) ______________ to work every day. We (go) ______________ by bus.

  4. Who (talk0 ______________ on the phone, Nam.

  5. They (often build) ______________ hotels, but this year they (build) ______________ hospitals.

  6. Hurry up! The bus (come) ______________.

  7. My mother is saving money because they (buy) ______________ a new house next year.

  8. We’ll go out when the rain (stop) ______________

Question IV: Correct the following sentences:

  1. How old Hoa will be on her next birthday?

  2. Would you like seeing a good movie tonight with me?

  3. Nhung’s birthday is in the third day next Friday.

  4. Today is Thursday, the two ninth of March.

  5. I don’t will have a party next November.

  6. Hong doesn’t has a lot of friends in her new school.

  7. What’s are your telephone number, Phuong?

  8. Mai will goes to Hai Phong tomorrow.

  9. Who are you and your friends talk about?

  10. Linh lives with her uncle in 37 Nguyen Trai Street.




  1. ..................................

  2. .................................

  3. ..................................

  4. ..................................

  5. ..................................

  6. ..................................

  7. ..................................

  8. ..................................

  9. ..................................

  10. ..................................




Question V: Fill in the blank with one suitable word:

come / start / teach /have / meet / not work / finish / not like / fly / travel / camp / love / like

Bruce Charles is an English teacher at a language school in Brighton- students (1) ......................from all over the world to study there. He (2).......................... grammar and reading. He usually (3)......................... work at 9.00 and (4).......................... at 3.30. He (5).......................... his job because he (6).......................... lots of people from many countries. But he (7).......................... at the moment. He (8).......................... round Peru with his friends. They are spending five days walking in the Andes. They (9).......................... in beautiful places every night but Bruce (10).......................... a problem. he (11).......................... walking, but he (12).......................... sleeping in a tent .They (13).......................... back to England next week.



Question VI. Circle the best option (A, B, C or D) to complete the sentences.

  1. In the future, machines _______ all the work for us.

A. are doing B. will do C. were doing D. do

  1. Every day Mr. Tuan _______ in the fields from 6 am to 4 pm.

A. worked B. work C. is working D. works

  1. When _______ Vietnamese people celebrate the New Year?

A. will B. are C. do D. is

  1. Ba is in his room. He _______ the guitar now.

A. was playing B. played C. is playing D. will play

  1. Next month is Lien’s birthday. She _______ some of her friends to her birthday party.

A. invite B. invites C. is going to invite D. invited

  1. John Robinson is an English teacher. He _______ for an apartment in Ha Noi for his family now.

A. looks B. is looking C. looked D. will look

  1. “………………………….. this week?” “No, she’s on holiday.”

A. Is Susan working B. Does Susan work C. Does work Susan D. Has Susan worked

  1. I’m ……………………….. with the result.

A. please B. pleasing C. pleasant D. pleased

  1. . ……………………………… I carry that bag for you? Thanks.

A. Do B. Shall C. Will D. Would

  1. Our new car is smaller, so it uses……………………….. petrol.

A. more B. fewer C. less D. little

  1. My birthday is …………………………………….. February 2nd.

A. in B. on C. at D. since

  1. A. It isn’t enough funny for him to repeat. B. It isn’t funny enough for him repeating.

C.It isn’t funny enough to him to repeat. D. It isn’t funny enough for him to repeat.

Question VII. Insert the correct form of the words in brackets: (2 ms)

Ex: My mother is a______________ of English. (teach)



My mother is a teacher of English.

  1. She enjoyed the ……………………………. atmosphere. (peace)

  2. Hoa is the most……………………….………. girl in her class. (beauty)

  3. Hanoi people were ………………………………………. (friend)

  4. Today the weather is fine and ………..………………. (sun)

  5. He is a famous……………………. (act)

  6. He ....................... for his wrongdoings. (apology)

  7. He plays soccer …………..............……….……… (beauty)

  8. This is the biggest……………..in the city. (build)

  9. Bill Gates is a famous .......................... (busy)

  10. Hoa has a fine …………..............……….……… of stamp. (collect)

Question VIII. Rewrite the sentences in a way that is has similar meaning to the original sentences:

  1. My kitchen is smaller than yours.

Your kitchen…………….…......................................................................…………………….

  1. The children liked to walk in the rain.

The children enjoyed …………………..............................................…………………………..

  1. My grandmother is very old. She can’t work now.

My grandmother is too ……….............................................……………………………………

  1. The children couldn’t go swimming because the sea was rough.

The sea was so…………………...........................................……………………………………

  1. Hung is taller than Ba.

Ba…………………..............................................……………………………………………….

  1. We learned this after a long time.

It took……………………….....................…………………………………………………….

  1. Peter is too young to see the horror film.

Peter is not…………........................…………………………………………………………...

  1. What’s your date of birth?

When………………………………………………………………………………………………?

Question V. Write a letter to your friend inviting him/her to take part in your birthday party. You can use the following suggestions.

- Date of the party:

Sunday, May the fifth

- Place of the party:



80/ 1Hamlet, La Vang

- Time of the party:



7 PM to 8 PM

- Activities at the party:



Games, songs, dance

- Food and drinks:



Cakes, sweets, Pepsi


Dear.........………,

…………........................…………………………………………………………...

…………........................…………………………………………………………...

…………........................…………………………………………………………...

…………........................…………………………………………………………...

…………........................…………………………………………………………...

…………........................…………………………………………………………...

…………........................…………………………………………………………...

…………........................…………………………………………………………...

…………........................…………………………………………………………...

Love,


Period 6+7. WORD FORMATIONS
I. THÀNH LẬP DANH TỪ CHỦ NGỮ

V - er

Teach/Teacher (giáo viên)

Sing/ singer (ca sỹ)

Farm/ farmer (nông dân)


Drive/driver (tài xế)

Write/ writer (tác giả)

Play/ player (cầu thủ)


Lend/ lender (người cho mượn)

Work/ worker(công nhân)

Employ/employer (người chủ)


V- or

N- or

Visit/ visitor: du khách

Direct/ director: giám đốc

Act/ actor: nam diẽn viên


Edit/ editor: biên tập viên

Debt /debtor: con nợ



Compete/ competitor: đấu thủ

Instruct/ instructor: người hướng dẫn



V- ist

Novel/ novelist: tiểu thuyết gia

Art/ artist: hoạ sỹ



Tour/ tourist: du khách

Type/ typist: người đánh máy



Science/ scientist: nhà khoa học

Social / socialist: Đảng viên



II. THÀNH LẬP DANH TỪ

V-ment

Agree/ agreement: sự đồng ý

Encourage/ encouragement



Enjoy/ enjoyment: sự thích thú

Equip/ equipment: thiết bị



Manage/management:sự quản lí

Move/ movement; sự di chuyển



V- tion

(Sự ...)


Participate/ participation: thgia

Destroy /destruction: phá huỷ



Illustrate/ illustration: minh hoạ

Instruct/ instruction: hướng dẫn



Compete/ competition: ctranh

Prevent/ prevention: ngăn cản



V-ation

(Sự ...)


Form/ formation: thành lập

Combine/ combination:kết hợp



Determine/ determination:

quyết định



Concentrate/ concentration

tập trung



V- ness

(Sự ...)


Clean/ Cleanness: Sự sạch sẽ

Clear/ clearness: sự rõ ràng

Deaf/ deafness: tật điếc

Weak/ weakness: yếu điểm



Dark/ darkness: bóng tối

Great/ greatness: sự to lớn

Happy/ happiness: Hạnh phúc

Willing/willingness:sự sẳn lòng



Kind/ kindness: lòng tốt

Lazy/ laziness: sự lười biếng

Sad/ sadness: nỗi buồn

Ready/ readiness: sự sẳn sàng



ADJ-th

True/ truth: sự thật

Long/ length; độ dài



Strong/ strength: sức mạnh

Wide/ width: chiều rộng



Grow/ growth: sự phát triển

Deep/ depth: độ sâu



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