Hcmc institute of applied science & technology foreign language department



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HCMC INSTITUTE OF APPLIED SCIENCE

& TECHNOLOGY

FOREIGN LANGUAGE DEPARTMENT










-FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY-

Preface
This learning material is intended to provide students with guidelines to the learning of vocabulary and grammar in order to best use the core book “Beginning TOEIC Test-taking Skills VERY EASY TOEIC”, one of the most renowned books by First News.
The material contains 3 sessions. Session 1 deals with the basic knowledge of vocabulary and grammar in 12 units as well as the contextual examples of authentic language given to illustrate. Session 2 consists of the important grammar practice tests related to the key grammar points so that students can actively practise and effectively improve their skills. Session 3 is the answer key.
As mentioned, the material is beneficial to students.

Constructive suggestions and corrections are, therefore, highly appreciated.


English lecturers, HIAST

Acknowledgements

This handout is first published in Ho Chi Minh City in 2014 and compiled by lecturers of English Department, HIAST.



We, the English lecturers, would like to express our many thanks to the Directing Board of HIAST for their assistance, strong support and encouragement during the preparation and production of this material.


We warmly express our sincere thanks to our supportive colleagues at the English Department at HIAST for their initiation, for their long and kind co-operation as well as for their careful proof-reading and corrections in the making of this material.

Ho Chi Minh City, 2014

English lecturers

English Department, HIAST



CONTENT

SESSION 1 – VOCABULARY 4

UNIT 1: PRESENT TENSE 4

UNIT 2: PAST TENSE 14

UNIT 3: GERUNDS/INFINITIVES 19

UNIT 4: SUBJECT – VERB AGREEMENT 24

UNIT 5: AUXILIARIES 30

UNIT 6: RELATIVE PRONOUNS 34

UNIT 7: NOUNS/PRONOUNS 37

UNIT 8: ADJECTIVES/ADVERBS 59

UNIT 9: COMPARISONS 63

UNIT 10: CONJUNCTIONS 67

UNIT 11: MODIFIERS 72

UNIT 12: NEGATION 79

PRACTICE TEST 89



SESSION 2 – GRAMMAR PRACTICE TESTS 95

SESSION 3 – ANSWER KEY 119


SESSION 1 – VOCABULARY
UNIT 1: PRESENT TENSE

A. LISTENING

- Frown [fraʊn] (v.) : to bring your eyebrows together so that there are lines on your face above your eyes to show that you are annoyed or worried = cau mày

- Yawn [jɔ:n] (v.) : to open the mouth wide and take a lot of air into the lungs and slowly send it out, usually when tired or bored = ngáp

- Nod [nɒd] (v.) : to move your head down and then up again quickly to show agreement = gật đầu

- Act [ækt] (v.) : perform a part in a play or film = diễn (kịch, phim)

- Stage [steɪdʒ] (n.) : the area in a theatre which is often raised above ground level and on which actors or entertainers perform = sân khấu

- Cry [kraɪ] (v.) : to produce tears from your eyes because you are unhappy or hurt = khóc

- Laugh [lɑ:f] (v.) : to make the noise with your voice that shows you think something is funny = cười

- Clap [klæp] (v.) : to make a short loud noise by hitting your hands together = applaud = vỗ tay

B. READING
- Confused [kən'fju:zd] (adj.) : unable to think clearly =

bối rối

- Though [ðəʊ] (conj.) : although, despite the fact that = mặc dù, dẫu cho, dù cho

e.g.: Though it was late, we decided to go.



- Through [θru:] (prep.) : from one side to the other, throughout = suốt, xuyên qua

e.g.: We walked through a wood.

I look through the window.

- Mud [mᴧd] (n.) : soft wet earth = bùn

e.g.: Your boots are covered in mud.



- Sometime ['sʌmtaim] (adv.) : unknown time, not now = 1 lúc nào đó

e.g: The album is expected to be released sometime next year.



- Sometimes ['sʌmtaimz] (adv.) : occasionally / at times / once in a while / from time to time / now and then = thỉnh thoảng, đôi khi

e.g.: Sometimes I go by car.



- Paint [peint] (v.) : to cover a surface or object with paint = sơn

e.g.: He painted a door green.



- Fence [fens] (n.) : a flat upright structure made of wood or wire that surrounds an area of land = hàng rào

e.g.: A green/ wire fence : hàng rào cây xanh/ dây thép.




GRAMMAR FOCUS

- Routine [ru:'ti:n] (n.) : fixed and regular way of doing something = lề thói hằng ngày

- Certain ['sɜ:tn] (adj.) : sure = chắc chắn

- Take place [teik 'pleis] (v.) : to happen, to occur = xảy ra

- Currently ['kʌrəntli] (adv.) : at the present time = hiện thời, hiện nay

- In progress [ɪn 'prəʊɡres](idm.): happening at this time = đang diễn ra

e.g.: Please be quiet - examination is in progress.


MINI TEST

PART 1

- Greenhouse ['ɡri:nhaʊs] (n.) : a building with glass sides and a glass roof for growing plants in = nhà kính (trồng cây)

- Boat [bəʊt] (n.) : a vehicle (smaller than a ship) that travels on water, moved by oars, sails or a motor = tàu thuyền

- Museum [mju'zi:əm] (n.) : a building in which objects of artistic, cultural, historical or scientific interest are kept and shown to the public = viện bảo tang

- Scarf [skɑ:f] (n.) : a piece of cloth that is worn around the neck = khăn choàng cổ

- Phew! [fju:] (exclamation) : used for showing that you feel hot, tired, or no longer worried about = Phù! Úi chà!

e.g.: Phew! We finally did it. : Phù! Cuối cùng thì chúng ta cũng làm được điều đó.
PART 2

- Fan [fæn] (n.) : a machine with blades that turn and move the air in a room to make it feel less hot = cái quạt

- Heat [hi:t] (n.) : heating = lò sưởi

e.g.: The heat wasn't on and the house was freezing.



- Light [laɪt] (n.) : a thing that produces light, especially an electric light = đèn điện

PART 3

- Mention ['menʃn] (v.) : to write or speak about sth/sb = đề cập, nói đến

 Don’t mention it (idm.) : You're welcome!

e.g.: ‘Thanks for all your help.’ ‘Don't mention it.’

- High [haɪ] (adj.) : measuring a long distance from the bottom to the top = cao

Height [haɪt] (n.) : the measurement of how tall a person or thing is = chiều cao



- Face [feɪs] (n.) : the front part of your head, where your eyes, nose, and mouth are = mặt

- Fix [fɪks] (v.) : to repair or correct sth = sửa chữa

- Photocopier ['fəʊtəʊkɒpiə(r)] (n.): a machine that makes copies of documents = máy photocopy

- Employee [ɪm'plɔɪi:] (n.) : a person who is paid to work for sb = người làm công

- Headache ['hedeɪk] (n.) : a continuous pain in the head = chứng nhức đầu

To have a headache

To suffer from headache

- Dark [dɑ:k] (adj.) : black = tối

# Light [laɪt] (adj.) : full of light = sáng

- Warning ['wɔ:nɪŋ] (n.) : an action or statement telling someone of a possible problem or danger = lời cảnh báo

- Electricity [ɪ:,lek'trɪsəti] (n.) : power ; energy = điện

- Similar ['sɪmələ(r)] (adj.) : alike, the same = giống nhau, tương tự

To be similar to sth

e.g.: My teaching style is similar to that of most other teachers.



- Sister – in – law (n.) : chị, em vợ / chị, em dâu

- Brother – in – law (n.) : anh, em chồng / anh, em rễ

- Mother – in – law (n.) : mẹ chồng, mẹ vợ

- Father – in – law (n.) : bố vợ; bố chồng

- Wow [waʊ] (exclamation) : used to express great surprise or admiration = ôi chao, chà

e.g.: Wow! You look terrific! : Chà! Bạn trông tuyệt vời!



- Damage ['dæmɪdʒ] (v.) : to harm or spoil sth/sb = làm hư hại, làm hỏng

PART 4

- Subway ['sʌbweɪ] (n.) : metro; underground = xe điện ngầm

- Bike [baɪk] (n.) : a bicycle = xe đạp

- Station ['steɪʃn] (n.) : a place where trains stop so that passengers can get on and off = nhà ga

e.g.: Bus/ train/ subway station



- Ride [raɪd] (v.) : to sit on and control a bicycle, motorcycle, etc = đi xe đạp, xe môtô…

(n.) : a short journey in a vehicle, on a bicycle, etc = sự đi xe cộ



- Shortcut [,ʃɔ:t 'kʌt] (n.) : a quicker or shorter way of getting to a place = đường tắt

- Arrange [ə'reɪndʒ] (v.) : to plan or organize sth in advance = chuẩn bị, sắp xếp

 To arrange a room/ flowers/ a meeting



- Pleasure ['pleʒə(r)] (n.) : a state of feeling or being happy or satisfied = enjoyment = niềm vui thích, điều thú vị

- Amazing [ə'meɪzɪŋ] (adj.) : surprising = làm kinh ngạc

- Guest [ɡest] (n.) : a person that you have invited to your house or to a particular event that you are paying for = khách, khách mời

PART 5

- Belong to [bɪ'lɒŋ tu:] (phr.v.) : be owed by sb = thuộc về

e.g.: The house belongs to his mother



- Tunnel ['tʌnl] (n.) : an underground passage through which vehicles travel = đường hầm

a railway/railroad tunnel

- Comedy ['kɒmədi] (n.) : a funny movie, play or television program = hài kịch, kịch vui

PART 6

- Memo / memorandum (n.) : an official note from one person to another in the same organization = thư bá

- Management ['mænɪdʒmənt](n.): the people who control and operate a business or organization = ban quản lý

- Reminder [rɪ'maɪndə(r)] (n.) : a letter or note that reminds you of something that you need to do or need to remember = lời nhắc nhở

A letter of reminder : thư nhắc nhở

- General ['dʒenrəl] (adj.) : not limited to one part or aspect of a person or thing = chung, tổng quát

- Attend [ə'tend] (v.) : be present at an event = take part in = tham gia

Attend a meeting

- Payroll ['peɪrəʊl] (n.) : a list of all the people that a company employs and the money that each of them earns = bảng lương

- Notify ['nəʊtɪfaɪ] (v.) : to inform someone officially about something = thông báo

- Hold – held – held

[həʊld-held- held] (v.) : organize = tổ chức

 Hold a party/ meeting



- Handle ['hændl] (n.) : the part of a door, drawer, window, etc. that you use to open it = cán, tay cầm

- Pan [pæn] (n.) : a container, usually made of metal, with a handle or handles, used for cooking food in = xoong, chảo

- Supply [səp'laɪ] (v.) : provide = cung cấp

Supplier [səp'laɪə(r)] (n.) : a person or company that supplies goods = người (công ty) cung cấp



- Replace [rɪ'pleɪs] (v.) : to be used instead of sth/sb else = take the place of, change = thay thế

- Faulty ['fɔ:lti] (adj.) : not perfect; not working or made correctly = không hoàn hảo, hỏng

e.g.: Ask for a refund if the goods are faulty.


- Apologize [ə'pɒlədʒaɪz](v.) : say sorry = tạ lỗi, xin lỗi

e.g.: Go and apologize to her.

We apologize for the late departure of this flight.

- Inconvenience [,ɪnkən'vi:niəns](n.): trouble or problems = sự phiền phức

- Voucher ['vaʊtʃə(r)] (n.) : an official piece of paper that you can use instead of money to buy a particular product or service = phiếu thanh toán dùng để đổi dịch vụ hoặc hàng hoá

- Attach [ə'tætʃ] (v.) : to send something such as a document or piece of extra information with a letter = gắn, đính kèm

PART 7

- Advertise ['ædvətaɪz] (v.) : to tell the public about a product or a service in order to encourage people to buy or to use it = publicize = quảng cáo

- Soft drink [,sɒft 'drɪŋk] (n.) : a cold drink that does not contain alcohol = nước ngọt

- Reponse [rɪ'spɒns] (n.) : a reply to any question or letter = sự trả lời

Respond [rɪ'spɒnd] (v.) : to give a spoken or written answer to sb/sth = reply = trả lời

- Choose - chose - chosen (v.) : select, elect = chọn, lựa

[tʃu:z - tʃəʊz - 'tʃəʊzn]



- Little - less - the least (adj.) : ít, ít hơn, ít nhất (dùng trong

['lɪtl – les – ðə 'li:st] so sánh)

- Improve [ɪm'pru:v] (v.) : make sth better than before =

Improved [ɪm'pru:vd] (adj.) cải tiến

e.g.: He tries to improve his speaking ability.

- Grow – grew – grown (v.) : plant = trồng (cây)

[ɡrəʊ - ɡru: - ɡrəʊn]

e.g.: We grow vegetables in our garden.



- Pick [pɪk] (v.) : to take flowers, fruit, etc. from the plant or the tree where they are growing = hái

- Folk(s) [fəʊk] (n.) : people in genearal = người

- Taste [teɪst] (n.) : the particular quality that different foods and drinks have that allows you to recognize them when you put them in your mouth = vị

e.g.: This peach has a sweeter taste than that one.



- Contain [kən'teɪn] (v.) : if a substance contains something, that thing is a part of it = chứa

e.g.: Brown rice contains a lot of vitamins and minerals.



- Ache [eik] (v.) : to feel a continuous dull pain = đau

(n.) : a continuous feeling of pain in a part of the body = sự đau

 Toothache = đau răng

 Headache = nhức đầu

 Stomach ache = đau bụng, đau bao tử

- Chart [tʃɑ:t] (n.) : a page or sheet of information in the form of diagrams, lists of figures, etc. = đồ thị, biểu đồ

- Diet ['daɪət] (n.) : a limited amount of food that someone eats to become thinner = chế độ ăn kiêng

(v.) : to eat less food or only food of a particular type in order to lose weight = be / go on a diet = ăn kiêng



- Lose [lu:z] (v.) : to become thinner and weigh less = sụt, giảm

e.g.: I've lost ten pounds since I started this diet.

Lose weight : giảm cân

# Gain [ɡeɪn] (v.) : to gradually get more of sth = tăng lên

Gain weight : tăng cân

- Once [wʌns] (adv.) : one time = 1 lần

- Twice [twaɪs] (adv.) : two times = 2 lần

 Three times: 3 lần / Four times: 4 lần / Five times: 5 lần / etc.



- Burn off [,bɜ:n 'ɒf] (phr.v.) : to use energy by doing exercise = đốt cháy

e.g.: Swimming can help you burn off those unwanted calories.



- Taco ['tækəʊ] (n.) : a Mexican food consisting of a flat piece of dough that is folded around meat, beans, etc. and cooked until it is hard = món bánh thịt chiên dòn (Mê- hi-cô)

- Instead of [ɪn'sted ɒf] (prep.) : in the place of sb/sth = thay vì

- Satisfied ['sætɪsfaɪd] (adj.) : pleased with what has happened or with what you have achieved = hài long

Satisfaction [,sætɪs'fækʃn](n.): sự hài lòng



- Loss [lɒs] (n.) : the state of having less of something than before = sự mất

Weight loss : sự sụt cân



UNIT 2: PAST TENSE
A. LISTENING

- Shop [∫ɔp] (v.) : to visit shops and stores for purchasing or examining goods = mua sắm

go shopping

- Pay [pei] (v.) : to give over (a certain amount of money) in exchange for something = trả tiền

- Try on [trai ɔn] (v.) : mặc thử, mang thử

- Return [ri'tə:n] (v.) : send back to the original place, position, etc.

- Count [kaunt] (v.) : add up = đếm

- Shake [∫eik] (v.) : to move to and fro or up and down with short, quick movements = lắc

 Shake hand : bắt tay
B. READING

- Appointment [ə'pintmənt] (n.) : a meeting set for a specific time or place = cuộc hẹn

- Promise ['prɔmis] (n.) : a declaration that something will or will not be done, given, etc., by one = lời hứa

- Politician [,pɔli'ti∫n] (n.) : someone who works in politics, especially an elected member of the government = chính khách

- Get used to + Noun/V-ing : làm quen với…

Be used to + Noun/ V-ing : quen thuộc với…

Used to + V : Đã từng (làm gì)

GRAMMAR FOCUS

- Repeat [ri'pi:t] (v.) : to say or utter again = lặp lại

- Occur [ə'k:(r)] (v.) : to happen = xảy ra

- Take place : diễn ra

- Coincidence [kou'insidəns] (n.) : sự trùng hợp

 by coincidence

- Bath [b:θ ; bæθ] (v.) : to wash or soak in a bath = tắm

 Take a bath

Take a shower
MINI TEST

PART 1

- Hold [hould] (v.) : to have or keep in the hand; keep fast; grasp = giữ, cầm, nắm

- Golf club [gɒlf klʌb] (n.) : gậy đánh gôn

- Pet [pet] (n.) : any domesticated animal that is kept as a companion = thú cưng

- Jog [dʒɔg] (v.) : to run at a leisurely, slow pace, esp. as an outdoor exercise = chạy chậm đều

- Skate [skeit] (v.) : to glide or slide smoothly along = trượt (băng, ván, patin)
PART 2

- Store [stɔ:] (n.) : cửa hàng, cửa hiệu

= Shop (n.)

- Take a nap [næp] (v.) : to sleep for a short time; doze. = chợp mắt


PART 3

- Classmate ['kl:smeit] (n.) : a member of the same class = bạn cùng lớp

- Department store

[di'pɑ:tmənt stɔ:] (n.) : cửa hàng bách hoá lớn (tổng hợp)

- Own [əʊn] (det.) : của riêng mình, của chính mình

- Miss [mis] (v.) : bỏ lỡ

- Trouble ['trʌbl] (n.) : something is wrong with a machine, vehicle, or system = sự trục trặc (của máy móc)

- Traffic [træfik] (n.) : the vehicles moving along a road or street = sự giao thông (của xe cộ)

- Take a break [breik] (v.) : take a brief rest = nghỉ ngơi



PART 4

- Remind [ri'maind] (v.) : to cause (a person) to remember = nhắc nhỡ, gợi nhớ

- Yearly (adj.) : annual



(adv.) : annually, every year = hàng năm

- Staff (n.) : employees, workers, (toàn thể) nhânviên

 Yearly staff picnic : cuộc picnic hàng năm của toàn thể nhân viên

- Barbecue ['bɑ:bikju:] (n.) : a meal or party during which food is cooked on a metal frame over a fire and eaten outdoors = tiệc nướng ngoài trời

- Available [ə'veiləbl] (adj.) : able to be obtained, used, or reached = Có sẵn để sử dụng

- Prize [praiz] (n.) : giải, giải thưởng



PART 5

- Sweep[swi:p] swept, swept (v.) : to clear or clean by means of a broom or brush = quét

- Project ['prədekt] (n.) : plan; scheme = dự án

- Robber ['rbə] (n.) : a person who robs = cướp

PART 6

- Cancel ['kænsəl] (v.) : call off = hủybỏ

Cancellation (n.) : an act of canceling = sự hủy bỏ

- Arrangement [ə'reindmənt] (n.): the manner or way in which things are arranged = sự sắp xếp

- Patient ['pei∫nt] (n.) : a person who is under medical care or treatment = bệnh nhân

Patient ['pei∫nt] (adj.) : quietly and steadily persevering or diligent = kiên nhẫn

Patience ['pei∫ns] (n.) : quiet, steady perseverance; even-tempered care; diligence = sự kiên nhẫn

- Patent ['peitnt] (n.) : an invention or process protected by this right. = bằng sáng chế

- Assist [ə'sist] (v) : to give support or aid to; help = trợ giúp

Assistance [ə'sistəns] (n.) : the act of assisting; help; aid; support

- Mall [mɔ:l] (n.) : khu mua sắm

 Shopping mall (n.) : trung tâm mua sắm

- Note [nout] (v.) : to write or mark down briefly = ghi chú

- Customer ['kstəmə] (n.) : client, buyer = khách hàng

- Offer ['ɔfə] (v., n.) : chào mời, lời mời chào
PART 7
- Combo ['kɒmbəʊ] (n.) : a combination of different things = sự kết hợp, bộ

- Speaker [spi:kə] (n.) : loud speaker = loa


- Wireless ['waiəlis] (adj.) : having no wire = khôngdây

- Refrigerator [ri'fridəreitə] (n.) : fridge = tủ lạnh

- Giant ['daiənt] (adj.) : unusually large, great, or strong; gigantic; huge. = khổng lồ

- Cheeseburger ['t∫i:z,bə:gə(r)](n.): a hamburger cooked with a slice of cheese on top of it

- Advertisement [əd'və:tismənt](n.): advert.: ad. = mẩu quảng cáo

[ædvə'taizmənt]

- Tutor ['tju:tə] (n.) : aprivate instructor = gia sư

- Experience [iks'piəriəns] (n.) : knowledge or practical wisdom = kinh nghiệm



UNIT 3: GERUNDS / INFINITIVES
A. LISTENING

- Bike [baɪk] (n.) : xe đạp

- Swim [swɪm] (v.) : bơi lội

- Tennis ['tenis] (n.) : quần vợt

- Dance [d:ns] (v.) : khiêu vũ, múa

- Sand [sænd] (n.) : cát

- Castle ['k:sl] (n.) : lâu đài

- Kick [kik] (v.) : đá

- Row [rou] (v.) : chèo (thuyền)
B. READING

- Fun [fn] (n.) : enjoyment, pleasure, amusement = vui vẻ

- Funny [fni] (adj.) : amusing, causing laughter = tếu, gây cười

- Mind + V-ing [maind] (v.) : phiền lòng, để tâm

 Would you mind (+ V-ing)…? : Bạn vui lòng/bạn có phiền ...?

 Would you mind turning on the light?

- Remind sb to do sth : nhắc nhở ai làm điều gì

Remind sb of sth : nhắc nhở ai về điều gì

e.g.: Please remind me to stretch before I exercise.



- Get on (a bus, a train) Get off : lên xe (buýt, xe lửa) xuống xe

- Take (a bus) : đón xe (buýt, xe lửa)

MINI TEST

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