Bell et al. American Journal of Botany



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Bell et al. – American Journal of Botany 97(8): 1296-1303. 2010. – Data Supplement S15 – Page 1


Bell, Charles D., Douglas E. Soltis, and Pamela S. Soltis. 2010. The age and diversification of the angiosperms re-revisited. American Journal of Botany 97(8): 1296-1303.
Appendix S15. Estimated mean ages (with 95% highest posterior densities) for major clades of Monocotyledoneae. Nodes refer to Appendix S3. The multiple-fossil analysis treated all 36 fossil constraints as exponential or lognormal priors with offsets equal to first occurrence of a given fossil in the record (see text for more detail). *** represents node used as fossil constraint. Clade names are from APG III (2009) and Cantino et al. (2007).


Node

Exponential

Lognormal

1 Austrobaileyales + Mesangiospermae

144 (138–150)

173 (160–187)

2 Mesangiospermae

130 (123–138)

146 (109–127)

3

127 (119–135)

140 (128–140)

4 Magnoliidae


125 (121–130)

122 (108–138)

5

120 (111–129)

119 (100–138)

6

120 (111–129)

118 (107–133)

7 Ceratophyllaceae + Eudicotyledoneae

136 (130–142)

156 (146–168)

8 Monocotyledoneae


130 (123–138)

146 (109–127)

9 Narthecidae

118 (107–125)

136 (123–147)

10 Alismatales

107 (93–119)

122 (106–138)

11 Araceae

79 (55–101)

89 (59–114)

12

103 (89–115)

118 (100–134)

13 Tofieldiaceae

61 (35–87)

64 (35–95)

14

83 (66–98)

96 (77–115)

15

68 (50–84)

80 (60–100)

16 Petrosaviidae

109 (99–117)

124 (113–133)

17

89 (62–109)

99 (107–134)

18

105 (94–113)

118 (109–127)

19 Pandanales ***

72 (65–117)

82 (65–101)

20

66 (50–82)

76 (57–94)

21

47 (31–62)

52 (36–71)

22 Cyclanthaceae

30 (14–46)

33 (17–50)

23 Liliales

86 (72–99)

114 (105–123)

24

59 (40–76)

62 (42–83)

25

83 (68–96)

96 (83–108)

26

63 (51–76)

92 (78–104)

27 Liliaceae

52 (40–64)

58 (43–73)

28

42 (27–56)

46 (33–65)

29

28 (18–39)

31 (18–45)

30 Melanthiaceae

59 (43–77)

67 (50–85)

31

43 (27–60)

49 (31–67)

32 Asparagales

92 (83–103)

103 (93–114)

33 Orchidaceae

42 (23–60)

48 (31–69)

34

87 (76–97)

98 (87–109)

35

74 (56–89)

81 (61–98)

36

66 (44–82)

72 (50–92)

37

78 (68–87)

87 (75–98)

38

70 (59–83)

79 (66–93)

39 Tecophilaeaceae

45 (28–61)

52 (33–71)

40

72 (62–81)

81 (70–92)

41 Iridaceae

31 (17–47)

34 (20–49)

42

67 (57–75)

74 (64–84)

43

58 (49–66)

64 (54–72)

44

47 (36–59)

52 (39–66)

45

54 (45–62)

60 (52–69)

46

51 (42–59)

56 (47–66)

47

46 (35–56)

50 (44–62)

48 Amaryllidaceae

30 (15–43)

32 (17–48)

49

45 (35–53)

49 (39–59)

50

42 (34–50)

44 (34–55)

51

23 (16–32)

25 (12–28)

52 Convallariaceae

19 (13–26)

21 (15–29)

53

17 (11–23)

19 (12–20)

54

14 (8–21)

16 (9–23)

55

46 (37–53)

51 (42–62)

56

40 (15–43)

45 (33–56)

57 Hyacinthaceae

30 (19–39)

32 (20–43)

58

33 (23–42)

40 (27–48)

59

22 (13–30)

24 (15–34)

60

103 (92–111)

118 (109–127)

61 Dioscoreales

83 (68–96)

92 (76–111)

62

52 (35–73)

61 (40–82)


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