ĐỀ CƯƠng ôn thi tốt nghiệp thpt quốc gia môn tiếng anh



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=> The children need a big yard to play in.
-Câu bắt đầu bằng: HERE (BE), THERE (BE)
Ex: + Here is the form that you must fill in.

=> Here is the form for you to fill in.

+ There are six letters which have to be written today. (động từ mang nghĩa bị động)
There are six letters to be written today.

GHI NHỚ : Trong phần to-inf này cần nhớ 2 điều sau:
- Nếu chủ ngữ của 2 mệnh đề khác nhau thì dùng for sb +to V.
Ex: + We have some picture books that children can read.
=> We have some picture books for children to read.

Tuy nhiên nếu chủ ngữ đó là đại từ có nghĩa chung chung như: we, you, everyone.... thì có thể không cần ghi ra.


Ex: + Studying abroad is the wonderful thing that we must think about.
=> Studying abroad is the wonderful thing (for us) to think about.
- Nếu trước relative pronouns có giới từ thì phải đưa giới từ xuống cuối câu.
Ex: + We have a peg on which we can hang our coat.
=> We have a peg to hang our coat on.
3) Dùng cụm danh từ (đồng cách danh từ/ ngữ đồng vị )
Dùng khi mệnh đề quan hệ có dạng:

Which/ Who+ BE + DANH TỪ /CỤM DANH TỪ / CỤM GIỚI TỪ/ TÍNH TỪ (3)
Cách làm: bỏ who, which và be
Ex: Vo Nguyen Giap, who was the first general of Vietnam, passed away one week ago.

=> VNG, the first general of Vietnam, passed away one week ago.


Ex: We visited Barcelona, which is a city in northern Spain.

=> We visited Barcelona, a city in northern Spain.



PHƯƠNG PHÁP LÀM BÀI LOẠI RÚT GỌN MĐQH:
Bước 1 : - Tìm xem mệnh đề quan hệ nằm ở đâu.
Bước 2: Rút gọn mệnh đề quan hệ thành cụm danh từ.

1. Nhìn xem mệnh đề có công thức S + BE + CỤM DANH TỪ không ?Nếu có áp dụng công thức (3).

2. Nếu không có công thức đó thì xem tiếp trước ĐTQH có các dấu hiệu the first ,only, second, third..../so sánh hơn nhất…, nếu có thì áp dụng công thức (2). Lưu ý thêm, xem 2 chủ ngữ có khác nhau không ( để dùng for sb+ V )
3. Nếu không có 2 trường hợp trên mới xét xem câu đó chủ động hay bị động mà dùng V-ing hay Ved/3.
C. REDUCED CLAUSES : RÚT GỌN MỆNH ĐỀ TRẠNG TỪ (Reduce an adverbial clause)

* Điều kiện: Chủ từ trong mệnh đề chính và mệnh đề trạng từ giống nhau
* Cách rút gọn:

- Bỏ các liên từ bắt đầu một mệnh đề trạng từ.

- Chuyển các hình thức động từ ở dạng chủ động thành present participle (đối với các thì đơn / tiếp diễn) hoặc having + past participle (V3, ed) (đối với các thì hoàn thành).
Example: + After he had finished his work, he went home.

(After) having finished his work, he went home.

+ He was lying on the floor, he was reading a book.

Lying on the floor, he was reading a book.



Or: He was lying on the floor, reading a book.

- Giữ nguyên hình thức động từ ở dạng bị động ở dạng past participle hoặc being + past participle (Đối với các thì đơn / tiếp diễn) hoặc having been + past participle (V3, ed) (đối với các thì hoàn thành).



Example:

+ He was punished by his father, he cried bitterly.

Being punished by his father, he cried bitterly.

Or: Punished by his father, he cried bitterly.

+ After she had been treated cruelly by her husband, she divorced him.

Having been treated cruelly by her husband, she divorced him.

a. Mệnh đề trạng ngữ chỉ thời gian.

- Hai hành động xảy ra song song :

+ He was lying on the floor, he was reading a book.

-> He was lying on the floor, reading a book.

- Hai hành động xảy ra trước sau (thường rút ngắn mđ xảy ra trước)

+ When I came home, I turned on the lights.

-> Coming home, I turned on the lights.
b. Mệnh đề trạng từ chỉ nguyên nhân.

+ Because she was unable to afford a car, she bought a motorcycle.

Being unable to afford a car, she bought a motorcycle.

+ She felt very confident because she had prepared well for the test.

 Having prepared well for the test, she felt very confident.
c. Mệnh đề chỉ sự tương phản.

+ Although I admit he is right, I do not like him.

Admitting he is right, I do not like him.

+ Although he is famous, he looks very simple.

Being famous, he looks very simple.
d. Mệnh đề điều kiện.

+ If you follow my advice, you can win the game.

Following my advice, you can win the game.

+ If you had gone to the party, you would have met her.

Having gone to the party, you would have met her.

e. Mệnh đề kết quả: Khi hành động thứ 2 tạo thành một phần hoặc là kết quả của hành động 1, ta có thể rút ngắn hành động 2 về cụm HTPT (V-ing).

+ As she went out, she slammed the door.

 She went out, slamming the door.

+ He fired, wounding one of the bandits.



* PHẦN II: BÀI TẬP VẬN DỤNG

Choose the best answer.
1. Sunday is the day..........I go to Water park with my kids.

A. when B. where C. why D. which

2. That was the reason..........he didn't marry her.

A. when B. where C. why D. which

3. An architect is someone..........deigns buildings.

A. who B. whom C. which D. whose

4. The boy to..........I lent my money is poor.

A. who B. whom C. which D. that

5. The land and the people..........I have met are nice.

A. who B. whom C. which D. that

6. I can answer the question ..........you say is very difficult.

A. which B. who C. whom D. whose

7. This is the place..........the battle took place ten years ago.

A. which B. in where C. where D. from where

8. Sunday is the day..........which we usually go fishing.

A. during B. at C. in D. on

9. This is the last time..........I speak to you.

A. of which B. whose C. that D. which

10. He talked about the books and the authors..........interested him.

  A. who B. that C. which D. whom

11. Bondi is the beautiful beach..........I used to sunbathe.

A. when B. where C. which D. why

12. Dec 26th, 05 was the day..........the terrible tsunami happened.

A. when B. where C. which D. why

13. The woman..........lives next my door is doctor.

A. who B. whom C. which D. whose

14. The boy..........Mary likes is my son.

A. who B. whom C. which D. whose

15. The boy..........eyes are brown is my son.

A. who B. whom C. which D. whose

16. The table..........legs are broken should be repaired.

A. who B. whom C. which D. whose

17. The town..........we are living is noisy and crowded

A. where B. in where C. which D. at which

18. The year..........we came to live here was 1997

  A. when B. which C. that D. in the time

19. The worker..........house is next to mine died this morning.

A. whose B. whom C. which D. whose

20. The lady..........son went on a picnic with us last weekend is a teacher at our school.

A. who B. whom C. whose D. that

21. Take..........measures you consider best.

A. whatever B. however C. whenever D. wherever

22. ..........difficulties you may encounter, I'm sure you'll succeed.

A. how B. whatever C. however D. how great

23. He is the only friend..........I like.

A. who B. whom C. that D. whose

24. I didn't get the job..........which I applied.

A. in B. on C. at D. for

25. The man..........whom she is married has been married twice before.

A. in B. on C. at D. to

26. I wasn't interested in the things..........which they were talking.

A. in B. on C. at D. about

27. The bed..........which I slept was too soft.

A. in B. on C. at D. for

28. The party..........which we went wasn't very enjoyable.

A. in B. on C. at D. to

29. The flight..........which we wanted to travel was fully booked.

A. in B. on C. at D. for

30. She is the most beautiful girl..........ever lived.

  A. which B. whom C. whose D. that

31. The decision was postponed,..........was exactly what he wanted.

A. who B. whom C. which D. that

32. All the people..........have gone into the room are still young.

A. which B. whom C. whose D. that

33. Jack has three brothers, all of..........are married.

A. who B. whom C. which D. that

34. They gave us a lot of information, most of..........was useless.

A. who B. whom C. which D. that

35. There were a lot of people at the party, only a few of..........I had met before.

A. who B. whom C. them D. that

36. . I have sent him two letters, neither of..........has arrived.

  A. who B. them C. which D. that

37. John won $,600, half of..........he gave to his parents.

  A. whom B. which C. that D. it

38. Ten people applied for the job, none of..........were suitable.

A. who B. whom C. them D. that

39. Jill isn't on the phone,..........makes it difficult to contact her.

A. which B. that C. who D. it

40. Bob is the kind of person to..........one can talk about anything.

A. who B. whom C. that D. him

41. He is a person..........friends trust him.

A. who B. whose C. his D. that

42. Your career should focus on a field in................you are genuinely interested.

A. which B. what C. that D. why

43. People..........outlook on life is optimistic are usually happy people.

A. whose B. whom C. that D. which

44. Anna’s marriage has been arranged by her family. She is marrying a man…………….

A. that she hardly knows him B. whom she hardly knows him

C. she hardly knows D. she hardly knows him

45. They said they didn't have any money, ..........was a pity.

A. which B. that C. this D. it

46. I haven't got a passport...........means I can't leave my country.

A. it B. that C. this D. which

47. The part of town where I live is very noisy at night,..........makes it difficult to sleep.

A. which B. where C. that D. this

48. That is the place..........the accident occurred.

A. where B. which C. on which D. that

49. The boys ……………. tennis over there are my new neighbor.

A. who plays B. playing C. that playing D. are playing

50. He read the Old Man and The Sea, a novel ………….by Ernest Hemingway.



A. writing B. which written C. written D. that wrote

  1. No one present noticed anything strange.

  1. The people who were there didn’t notice anything strange.

  2. The people who were there didn’t notice anything usual.

  3. The people were there didn’t notice anything strange.

  4. The people who were there didn’t notice something strange.

  1. Jane refused to attend his birthday party, which made him feel sad.

  1. Jane’s refusal to attend his birthday party made him feel sad.

  2. He felt sad not to be able to attend his birthday party.

  3. Jane made him sad despite her refusal to attend his birthday party.

  4. Jane refused to attend his birthday party because it made him feel sad.

  1. The plants may develop differently. They grow on that island.

  1. The plants which grows on that island may develop differently.

  2. The plants which grow on that island may develop differently.

  3. The plants grow on that island may develop differently.

  4. The plants which grow that island may develop differently.

  1. John Smith is a farmer. I bought his land.

  1. John Smith, whose land I bought, is a farmer.

  2. John Smith, who is a farmer, whose land I bought.

  3. John Smith, whom I bought his land, is a farmer.

  4. John Smith, a farmer, bought his land.

  1. The first man who was interviewed was entirely unsuitable.

  1. The first man interviewing was entirely unsuitable.

  2. The first man to interview was entirely unsuitable.

  3. The first man was interviewed was entirely unsuitable.

  4. The first man to be interviewed was entirely unsuitable.

  1. Astronomy is the study of planets and stars. It is one of the world’s oldest sciences

  1. Astronomy which is the study of planets and stars is one of the world’s oldest sciences

  2. Astronomy, who is the study of planets and stars , is one of the world’s oldest sciences

  3. Astronomy is the study of planets and stars which are one of the world’s oldest sciences

  4. Astronomy, the study of planets and stars, is one of the world’s oldest sciences

  1. Our solar system is in a galaxy. It is called the Milky Way.

  1. Our solar system is in a galaxy where is called the Milky Way.

  2. Our solar system is in a galaxy called the Milky Way.

  3. Our solar system is in a galaxy, that is called the Milky Way.

  4. Our solar system is in a galaxy calling the Milky Way.

  1. I saw men, women, cats and dogs. They moved round and round.

  1. I saw men, women, cats and dogs that moved round and round.

  2. I saw men, women, cats and dogs which moved round and round.

  3. I saw men, women, cats and dogs moved round and round.

  4. I saw men, women, cats and dogs when moved round and round.

  1. One evening, he and the writer went to a restaurant. They had a wonderful meal in it.

  1. One evening, he and the writer went to a restaurant which they had a wonderful meal.

  2. One evening, he and the writer went to a restaurant where they had a wonderful meal in.

  3. One evening, he and the writer went to a restaurant where they had a wonderful meal.

  4. One evening, he and the writer went to a restaurant they had a wonderful meal.

  1. A number of suggestions were made at the meeting, but most of them were not very practical.

  1. A number of suggestions were made at the meeting, most of them were not very practical

  2. A number of suggestions were made at the meeting, most of which were not very practical

  3. A number of suggestions were made at the meeting, but most of which were not very practical

  4. Most of the suggestions which were made at the meeting were not very practical.

61. ________ in 1937, the Golden Gate Bridge spans the channel at the entrance to San Francisco Bay.

A. Completed B. Having completed C. Completing D. To be completed

62. After seeing the movie Centennial, __________.

A. the book made many people want to read it B. many people want to read the book

C. the reading of the book interested many people D. the book was read by many people

63. _____ of the shop, my friend came in. 


A. Coming out B. On coming out C. When coming out D. As I came out 
64. _________ two hours over lunch, they left the restaurant,.

A. Spending B. Having spent C. After spend D. Spent

65. I notice the lorry _________ down the hill.

A. having come B. coming C. to come D. came

66. _____________, I decided to stop trading with them.

A. Despite of the fact that they were the biggest dealer

B. Though being the biggest dealer

C. Being the biggest dealer

D. Even though they were the biggest dealers

67. She told a very funny story, ____________everyone to burst into a laugh.

A. allowing B. making C. taking D. causing

68. I wasn't properly dressed for the party and felt ____________about my appearance.

A. embarrass B. embarrassment C. embarrassing D. embarrassed

69. Young people _____________to succeed in life should work hard.

A. who wanting B. want C. wanting D. wanted

70. _______________is known to be good for digestion.

A. Eating yoghurt B. Having eaten yoghurt C. Yoghurt eaten D. Yoghurts

71. ________ over the exam results ,she rushed home to tell her family the good news .

A. Excited B. Excitement C. To excite D. Exciting

72. Are there any household chores for________ men are better _______ than women ?

A. that/suit B. whose/suited C. which/suited D. which/suit

73. Can you please tell me some information _______ to the job ?

A. relating B. that relate C. that are relating D. that related

74. The truck _______ crashed into the back of a bus scattering glass everywhere .

A. it was loading with empty bottles B. loaded with empty bottles

C. which loading with empty bottles D. loading with empty bottles

75. None of the people __________to the party can come.

A. invite B. invited C. inviting D. to invite

76. ____________ the noise and pollution in the city, the Browns move to the countryside.

A. Be tired of B. Being tired of C. Tired of D. Were tired of

77. the author / released /earned / last year / the book / a lot of money.

A. Released last year, the book earned the author a lot of money.

B. Released last year, the author earned the book a lot of money.

C. The author released the book last year a lot of money earned.

D. The released book last year earned the author a lot of money.

78. Do you know any restaurant…………….?

A. have a really good meal B. where we can have a really good meal

C. has a really good meal D. that we can have a really good meal

79. The secretaries were the only people……………………. .

A. to get a pay rise B. getting a pay rise

C. who to get a pay rise D. to whom get a pay rise.

80. The reason…………..was that her mother fell seriously ill.

A. where she didn’t come B. when she didn’t come

C. she didn’t come D. for which she didn’t come


ERROR IDENTIFICATION

  1. There are about 500 species of poisonous snakes, 200 of them are harmful to man.

A B C D

  1. The electric cooker who is wrapped in the box is made of steel.

A B C D

  1. The legal age which a person is considered to be an adult is customarily 18.

A B C D

  1. The gardener used the scissors which he had bought them from a village shop to cut the flowers.

A B C D

  1. The area with the greatest number of thunderstorms each year is the interior of the Florida

A B C

peninsula, which the Atlantic and Gulf airstreams meet.

D


  1. Aloha is a Hawaiian word meaning ‘love’, that can be used to say hello or goodbye.

A B C D

  1. People whose exercise frequently have greater physical endurance than those who doesn't.

A B C D

  1. I have always wanted to visit Paris, that is the capital of France.

A B C D

  1. Shakespeare, who works are famous all over the world, was an English writer.

A B C D

  1. The water temperature in a spring depends on that of the soil through where the water flows.

A B C D
CHUYÊN ĐỀ 8

COMPARISON

* PHẦN I: LÝ THUYẾT

Adj : - long adj / short adj

Adv : - long adv / short adv

Note:

-Nếu dùng động từ To be hoặc V nối thì trong câu sẽ dùng so sánh với tính từ, còn nếu dùng V thường thì trong câu sẽ dùng so sánh với trạng từ.

-Nếu động từ trước và sau “than/as” giống nhau thì động từ sau “than/as” ta có thể thay thế bằng trợ động từ, hoặc ta có thể bỏ động từ sau “than/as”

I earn less than he does. (less than he earns).

I swim better than he does/better than him.

-Trong văn nói hoặc tiếng anh không trang trọng có thể bỏ động từ sau “than/as”, và có thể dùng đại từ tân ngữ

He has more time than I have.

He has more time than I.

He has more time than me.

-So sánh ngang bằng và so sánh hơn chỉ dùng khi so sánh giữa 2 người hoặc 2 vật, còn khi so sánh từ 3 người hoặc 3 vật trở lên ta dùng so sánh hơn nhất.

A. So sánh ngang bằng ( Equal Comparison)

1. S + “be/Vnối” + as + adj + as + N ( Pronoun) + (Verb)

Ex. - Peter is as tall as his father.

- Mary is as beautiful as her friend.



2. S + V thường + as + adv + as + N (Pronoun) + (Verb)

Ex. - Jane sings as well as his sister.

Note:

- Sau “as” thứ hai nhất thiết phải là đại từ nhân xưng chủ ngữ ( được dùng tân ngữ nhưng chủ yếu trong văn nói.)

- Nếu là câu phủ định (so sánh không bằng), “as” thứ nhất có thể thay bằng “so”

Ex: His work is not so difficult as mine

- Danh từ cũng có thể dùng so sánh trong trường hợp này nhưng đảm bảo danh từ đó phải có tính từ tương ứng.

Chú ý các tính từ sau và các danh từ tương ứng của chúng.

Adj N

- heavy, light  weight

- wide, narrow  width

- deep, shallow  depth

- long, short  length

- big, small  size

- old  age

- Danh từ cũng được dùng để so sánh, nhưng trước khi so sánh thì cần xác định danh từ đó là đếm được hay là không đếm được và sử dụng công thức so sánh sau:

N đếm được : Ex : book , pen, table .......

N không đếm được : money. water, salt ......

many/ few N đếm được số nhiều

S + V + as + + + as + noun/pronoun

much/little N không đếm được

Ex: David earns as much money as his wife

* Ý “bằng nhau, như nhau” có thể được diễn đạt cách khác:

S+ V + the same + (N) + as + N (pronoun).

Ex. - My house is as high as his.

 My house is the same height as his.

-Tom is as old as Mary.

 Tom and Mary are the same age.

Note :

-Đối nghĩa của the same .....as là difference ............ from

Ex : My teacher is different from yours.

-Chúng ta dùng “ the same as” chứ không dùng “ the same like”

B. So sánh hơn. ( Comparative)

1. So sánh hơn ( Comparative)

S + be/ Vnối short Adj +er + than + N ( pronoun)

more + long Adj

Ex. -Today is hotter than yesterday.

-This chair is more comfortable than the other.



S + V + short Adv +er + than + N ( pronoun)

more + long Adv

Ex. - He speaks English better than me.

- My father sings more beautifully than my brother.



* Để nhấn mạnh so sánh, có thể thêm much/far trước  so sánh, công thức:

S + V + far/much + Adj/Adv +er + than + noun/pronoun

S + V + far/much + more + Adj/Adv + than + noun/pronoun

Eg : Harry’s watch is far more expensive than mine

He speaks English much more rapidly than he does Spanish.

Note:

- Adj ngắn 1 âm tiết + er/ est :

Ex. Thick  thicker / thickest , cold  colder/ coldest ….

+ Với những tính từ 1 âm tiết có câu tạo: phụ âm + nguyên âm + phụ âm thì ta gấp đôi phụ âm cuối rồi thêm er/ est :

Ex. Hot  hotter/ hottest , big  bigger// biggest

+ Với những tính từ tận cùng là nguyên âm + y ta giữ nguyên và thêm er / est

Ex: gay  gayer / gayest

gray  grayer / grayset

+ Với những tính từ 2 âm tiết có tận cùng là đuôi: –y, -er, -ow ,-le: thì ta thêm đuôi er / est :

Ex. dirty  Dirtier

simple  simpler

clever  cleverer

narrow  narrower

+ Với những tính từ tận cùng là phụ âm + y , ta đổi y = i + er /est

Eg : happy  happier

easy  easier

+ Còn lại những tính từ 2 âm tiết khác ta thêm more đằng trước tính từ.

- Với những tính từ 3 âm tiết trở lên ta thêm more đằng trước:

Ex. beautiful  more beautiful intelligent  more intelligent

interesting more interesting

C. So sánh nhất ( Superlative )

So sánh nhất bắt buộc phải có từ 3 đối tượng trở lên. ( thường là N tập hợp )



S + V + the + short adj/ adv +est +( N )+ ( in/ of ) + N

most + long adj/ adv

Ex : Lan is the most beautiful in my class

Note:

-Dùng in với danh từ số ít. Dùng of với danh từ số nhiều

Ex.This dress is the most beautiful of the dresses.

-Các quy tắc khác cũng giống như dạng so sánh hơn.

Ex. Hottest, biggest

Ex. John is the tallest boy in my class.

-Các trường hợp adj/ adv biến đổi đặc biệt.

+Một số adj cũng đồng thời là adv:

Early, hard, fast, long

-Nếu dùng mệnh đề quan hệ thường ta dùng với thì hoàn thành

Ex.

It/This is the best beer (that) I have ever drunk.

It/This was the worst film (that) he had ever seen.

He is the kindest man (that) I have ever met.

It was the most worrying day (that) he had ever spent.
D. So sánh kém

1.So sánh kém hơn:


S + V +  less + adj/adv + than + noun/ pronoun

     

Ex. -Nga is less young than I.

-My brother runs less fast than I.

2.So sánh kém hơn nhất:


S + V + the + least + adj/ adv +( N ) + ( in/ of ) + N

Ex. - These shoes are the least expensive of all.

3.So sánh lũy tiến càng ngày càng kém

S+ V+ less and less + long/short adj/ adv

She becomes less and less beautiful.

E . So sánh kép ( Double Comparative )

a) So sánh đồng tiến: ( càng……thì càng)

The+ comparative + S + V +(O), the + comparative + S + V +(O)

Ex. The hotter it is, the more terrible I feel.

The sooner you leaver, the earlier you will arrive at your destination.

The more you study, the smarter you will become.

b) So sánh lũy tiến: ( càng ngày càng…..)

- Tính từ và trạng từ dài:

S+ V+ more+ and +more + long adj/ adv

Ex. She becomes more and more beautiful.

( Cô ấy càng ngày càng xinh.)



  • Tính từ và trạng từ ngắn:

S + V + short adj/ adv + er and + short adj/ adv + er

Ex. Lan is younger and younger. ( Lan càng ngày càng trẻ )

Note : Một số adj không dùng để so sánh là những adj chỉ tính chất duy nhất , đơn nhất , chỉ kích thước , hình học ( mang tính qui tắc )

Eg : only , unique , square, round, perfect, extreme, just ..

COMPARISON CHART

ADJECTIVE

COMPARATIVE

SUPERLATIVE

One syllable adjective:

old, fast, clean, long

Older, faster, cleaner, longer

The oldest, the fastest, the cleanest, the longest

One syllable adjectives ending in –e: wide, nice

Wider, nicer

The widest, the nicest

Two syllable adjectives ending in –y, -er, -ow ,-le: dirty, simple, clever, narrow

Dirtier, simpler, cleverer, narrower

The dirtiest, the simplest, the cleverest, the narrowest

Other adjectives with two or more syllables: honest, modern, comfortable

More honest, more modern, more comfortable

The most honest, the most modern, the most comfortable

Irregular adjectives: good, bad, far, old

Better, worse, farther/further, older/elder(only with family members)

The best, the worst, the farthest/the furthest, the oldest/the eldest (only with family members)

* PHẦN II: BÀI TẬP VẬN DỤNG

I. Choose the best answer A, B, C, or D to complete each sentence.

1.Ms. Jones isn’t as nice …….. Ms. Smith.



A. as B. for C. like D. to

2. The rooms in Graduate Towers are……….. Patterson Hall.

A. larger than B. larger than that of

C. larger than those in D. larger than in

3. Although she is very popular, she is not……her sister.

A. pretty as B. as pretty

C. prettier than D. most pretty than

4. Tuition at an American university runs……..Six thousand dollars a semester.

A. so high as B. as high to

C. as high as D. as high than

5. Everyone looks much………. today than they did yesterday.

A. happy B. happily C. more happily D. happier

6. Mr. Brown receives a …….. salary than anyone else in the company.

A. big B. more bigger C. bigger D. the bigger

7. The Boeing 747 is twice…….. the Boeing 707.

A. bigger than B. as bigger as

C. as big as D. more bigger than

8. “Do you know that beautiful lady over there?” “ Yes, that’s Wanida. She’s…………. in her group.”

A. more beautiful than any girl B. more beautiful than any other girl

C. so beautiful as other girl D. beautiful more than another girl

9. My young brother grew very quickly and soon he was……..my mother.

A. more big than B. so big than



C. as big as D. too big than

10.He is not……. tall as his father.

A. the B. as C. than D. more

11. John’s grade……. than his sister’s.



A. higher B. more high C. more higher D. the highest

12. Diana is the……..of the three sisters.

A. more short B. shorter C. shortest D. more short

13. She speaks English as……….as her friend does.

A. good B. well C. better D. the best

14. Of three shirts, this one is the………….

A. prettier B. more prettiest C. prettiest D. most pretty

15. The baby’s illness is……….. than we thought at first.

A. bad B. worst C. worse D. badly

16. Today is the……… day of the month.

A. hot B. hotter C. hottest than D. hottest

17. He works more ………..than I.

A. slow B. slowly C. most slowly D. slowest

18. My book is as……….as yours.



A. good B. well C. better D. the best

19. I love you……….than I can say.

A. much B. many C. more D. the most

20. It’s………….to go by bus than by car.



A. cheaper B. cheapest C. more cheap D. more cheaper

21. That house is ………one on the street.

A. oldest B. the oldest C. old D. older

22. This hotel must be………..than the small one next door.

A. expensive B. more expensive

C. the most expensive D. the more expensive

23. An orange is ……… than a plum.

A. more large B. more larger C. larger D. the largest

24. What is the……….thing you have done ever done?

A. more difficult B. most difficult

C. difficulty D. difficult than

25. This river is……… than that river.

A. narrow B. narrowest C. narrower D. most narrow

26. The test is not………difficult……….it was last month.

A. as/ as B. so/ as C. more/ as D. A and B

27. Peter usually drives………..Mary.

A. more fast B. more fast than C. faster than D. B and C

28. My brother sang….of all the pupils of the group.

A. more beautifully B. the most beautifully

C. less beautifully D. most beautifully

29. At 3,810 meters above sea level in Bolivia stands Lake Titica, ………in the world.

A. the highest large lake B. largest high lake

C. high largest D. the high largest lake

30. The hotel was…….any one we had stayed at before.

A. more expensive than B. more expensive as

C. most expensive than D. better expensive than

31. A: It’s a long way from Britian, isn’t it?

B: Yes, but it isn’t as……….as Hong Kong.



A. far B. farther C. farthest D. further

32. Of the four dresses, which is ………………..expensive?

A. the best B. the most C. the more D. the greater

33. The larger the apartment, the................... the rent.

A. expensive B. more expensive

C. expensively D. most expensive

34. The faster we walk,………….. we will get there.

A. the soonest B. the soon

C. the more soon D. the sooner

36. “ Why did you buy these oranges? ” “They were ……….….. I could find. ”

A. cheapest B. cheapest ones

C. the cheapest ones D. the most cheapest

37. She plays the piano …………… as she sings.



A. as beautifully B. more beautifully

C. as beautiful D. the most beautifully

38. The streets are getting more and …………… these days.

A. crowded B. less crowded



C. more crowded D. most crowded

39. The larger the city, …………… the crime rate.

A. highest B. higher C. the highest D. the higher

40. You must explain your problems …………....

A. as clear as you can B. as clearly as you can

C. as clear than you are D. as clearly as you are

41. Pil is ……………… person we know.

A. the happier B. the happiest C. happier D. happiest

42. Which woman are you going to vote for? –I ’m not sure. Everyone says that Joan is………….

A. smarter B. the smarter C. more smarter D. more smart

43. Bill is ………………

A. lazier and lazier B. more and more lazy

C. lazier and more lazy D. more lazy and lazier

44. It’s too noisy here. Can we go somewhere …………………?

A. noisier B. more quie C. more noisy D. quieter

45. ………………..the time passes, …………….I feel ! The deadline of my thesis is coming, but I have just finished half of it.

A. The faster / the nervous B. The more fast / the nervous

C. The fast / the more nervous D. The faster / the more nervous

46. China is the country with…………………..population.

A. the larger B. the more large C. the largest D. the most large

47. She sat there quietly, but during all that time she was getting…………….Finally she exploded.

A. more and more angry D. the most angry

B. the more angry C. angrier and angrier

48. For ……………….., it is certain that in the future some things will be very different.

A. the better or the worse B. the good or the bad

C. good or bad D. better or worse

49. Her grandfather’s illness was…………………..we thought at first.

A. more seriously as B. as seriously as C. more serious than D. as serious than

50. My brother was feeling tired last night, so he went to bed…………..usual.

A. more early than B. as early as C more earlier as D. earlier than

51._______ you study for these exams, _______ you will do.



A. The harder / the better B. The more / the much

C. The hardest / the best D. The more hard / the more good

52. His house is _______ mine.

A. twice as big as B. as twice big as

C. as two times big as D. as big as twice

53. A: It’s hot there, isn’t it?

B: It’s very………..during the day.



A. hot B. hotter C. hottest D. hotter than

54. ……….apples are grown in Washington State.

A. Best B. The most good C. The best D. The better

55. The test becomes……….and…………

A. hard/ hard B. difficult/ difficult

C. harder/ harder D. difficulty/ difficulty

56. His health is getting……….and…………….

A. good/ good B. better/ better

C. bad/ bad D. well/ well

57. The more paper we save,…………preserved.

A. more is wood pulp B. the more wood pulp is

C. wood pulp is D. the much wood pulp is

58. The more polluted air we breathe,…….we get.

A. the more weaker B. the more weak C. the weaker D. weaker more

59. The more we study, the……we are.

A. more good B. better C. better than D. good

60. The more I tried my best to help her, ……….she became.

A. less lazy B. the lazier C. the more lazy D. lazier

61. The weather becomes………………

A. colder with colder B. colder and colder

C. colder and more colder D. more and more cold

62. The more he slept,…………….irritable he became.

A. the most B. the vey more C. much more D. the more

63. ………..he worked, the more he earned.

A. The more hard B. The hard C. The harder D. The hardest

64. ………I get to know Jim, the more I like him.

A. For more B. More C. The more D. The most

65. The competition makes the price of goods……….

A. most cheap and cheap B. cheaper and cheaper

C. more cheap and more cheap D. cheaper and more cheaper

66. That factory is producing…….pollution.



A. more and more B. better and better C. less and least D. more and less

67. The ………I read about history, the……..it makes me realize how relevant history is for us today.

A. more/ better B. better/ better C. more/ more D. better/ more

68. The less we study, the………..we are.



A. worse B. bad C. well D. good

69. ……….the match was, the more spectators it attracted.

A. The most interesting B. The best interesting

C. The more interesting D. The interesting

70. The more running water you use,……………

A. your bill will be higher B. will be higher your bill

C. the higher your bill will be D. the highest your bill will be

71.……………you study for these exams, ………..you will do.

A. The harder/ the better B. The more / the much

C. The hardest / the best D. The more hard / the more good



72. My neighbour is driving me mad! It seems that………….it is at night , ……………he plays his music!

A. the less / the more loud B. the less / less

B. the more late / the more loudlier D. the later / the louder

73. Thanks to the progress of science and technology, our lives have become………….

A. more and more good B. better and better

C. the more and more good D. gooder and gooder

74.The Sears Tower is…………..building in Chicago.

A. taller B. the more tall C. the tallest D. taller and taller



75. Peter is……………John.

A. younger and more intelligent than B. more young and intelligent than

C. more intelligent and younger than D. the more intelligent and younger than



76.Robert does not have………….Peter does.

A. money more than B. as many money as

C. more money as D.as much money as

77. It gets…………..when the winter is coming.

A. cold and cold B. the coldest and coldest



C. colder and colder D. more and more cold

78. French is a…………language to learn than English is.

A. difficult B. more difficult

C. most difficult D. more and more difficult

79.A car is……………….than a motorbike.

A. cheap B. cheaper C. expensive D. more expensive



80. Thanks to the great effort of doctors and nurses, her health is getting…………….

A. worse B. better C. worse and worse D. better and better



II. Choose the underlined part among A, B, C, or D that needs correcting.

1. Richard feels good than several days ago.

A B C D

2. Mary and Daisy are both intelligent students. Mary is so intelligent as Daisy.



A B C D

3. I found the conversation as most interesting and I was glad to practice my English.

A B C D

4. The Caspian Sea, a salt lake, is the largest than any other lakes in the world.

A B C D

5. He drives the car more dangerous than his brother does.



A B C D

6. It was the most biggest building that I had ever seen.

A B C D

7. I wish my house were so large as Jone’s.



A B C D

8. The Mekong is one of the longer river in the world.

A B C D

9. She can play the piano more good than her sister.



A B C D

10. Many people believe that New York is the most great city in America.

A B C D

11. Jessica is only an amateur, but she sings well than most professionals.



A B C D

12. This house is more spacious as that white house I bought in Rapid City, South Dakota last year.

A B C D

13. Lan is the more capable of the three girls who have tried out for the part in the play.



A B C D

14. This telephone isn’t as cheap the other one, but it work much better.

A B C D

15. Stories are the most good way of teaching moral lessons to young people.



A B C D

16. The fastest you drive, the greater you get.

A B C D

17. This exercise is much more easier than the others.



A B C D

18. London is much more exciting as I expected.

A B C D

19. The large the room is, more people can sit in it.



A B C D

20. The suitcase seemed to get heavy and heavier as I carried it along the road.

A B C D

III. Choose one sentence that best rewrites the sentence given:



  1. They understand more than we do.

  1. We don’t understand as much as they do.

  2. We don’t understand anything at all.

  3. They understand everything inside out.

  4. They are very intelligent.

  1. It is much more difficult to speak English than to speak French.

A. To speak French is more difficult than to speak English.

B. To speak English is more difficult than to speak French.

C. Speaking English is more difficult than to speak French.

D. Speaking French is not as difficult as to speaking English.


  1. My interview lasted longer than yours.

A. Your interview wasn’t as short as mine.

B. Your interview was shorter than mine.

C. Your interview was as long as mine.

D. Your interview was longer than mine.


  1. When I was younger, I used to go climbing more than I do now.

A. Now I don’t go climbing anymore.

B. I used to go climbing when I younger.



C. Now I don’t go climbing as much as I did.

D. I don’t like going climbing any more.



5. Your coffee is not as good as mine.

A. Mine is better than yours.

B. My coffee is better than your.

C. My coffee is better than yours.

D. My coffee is more good than yours.



6. I can’t cook as well as my mother does.

A. My mother can cook better than I can.

B. My mother can’t cook better than I can.

C. My mother can cook well than I can.

D. I can cook better than my mother can.



7. Murder is the most serious of all crimes.

A. Murder is very serious.



B. No crime is more serious than murder.

C. Everyone is very afraid of murder.

D. Murder is the dangerous crime.

8. No one in this class as tall as peter.

A. Peter is taller than in this class.



B. Peter is the tallest in this class.

C. Peter is the most tall in this class.

D. Peter is more tall than in this class.

9. This is the best music I have ever heard.

A. I’ve never heard better music than this.

B. I‘ve ever heard such a good music as this.

C. I‘ve ever heard so good music as this.

D. This is the first time I‘ve heard this good music.



10. This is the most interesting novel I’ve ever read.

A. Knowing that the novel will be interesting, I read it.

B. If only I had known the novel was so interesting, I’d have read it earlier.

C. I don’t think it is the most interesting novel.



D. I have never read a more interesting novel than this.


CHUYÊN ĐỀ 9
LIÊN TỪ (CONJUNCTIONS)

* PHẦN 1: LÝ THUYẾT

* A conjunction is used to join words or group of words

* Kinds of conjunctions

1, Coordinating conjunctions

2, Correlative conjunctions

3, Subordinating conjunctions

4, Conjunctive Adverbs

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