ĐỀ CƯƠng ôn thi tốt nghiệp thpt quốc gia môn tiếng anh



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A. is made B. is making C. made D. make

  1. Mr. Wilson is _________ as Willie to his friend. A. known B. knew C. is known D. know

  2. References _________ in the examination room. A. not are used B. is not used C. didn’t used D. are not used

  3. Laura _________ in Boston. A. are born B. were born C. was born D. born

  4. His car needs _________

A. be fixed B. fixing C. to be fixing D. fixed

  1. Her watch needs _________. A. repairing B. to be repaired C. repaired D. A and B

  2. My mother is going _________ this house. A. sold B. sell C. to be sold D. to sell

  3. There’s somebody behind us. I think we are _________.

A. being followed B. are followed C. follow D. following

  1. Have you _________ by a dog? A. bite B. bit C. ever been bitten D. ever been bit

  2. The room is being _________ at the moment. A. was cleaned B. cleaned C. cleaning D. clean

  3. It _________ that the strike will end soon.

A. is expected B. expected C. are expected D. was expected

  1. It is _________ that many people are homeless after the floods.

A. was reported B. reports C. reported D. reporting

  1. He was said _________ this building. A. designing B. to have designed C. to design D. designed

  2. Ted _________ by a bee while he was sitting in the garden.

A. got sting B. got stung C. get stung D. gets stung

  1. These tennis courts don’t _________ very often. Not many people want to play.

A. got used B. used C. get used D. get use

  1. I’ll get Minh _________ this for you. A. do B. done C. did D. to do

  2. Those letters _________ now. You can do the typing later.

A. need typing B. needn't be typed C. need to type D. needn't typing

  1. “What a beautiful dress you are wearing”- “thanks, it_________ especially for me by a French tailor.”

A. is made B. has made C. made D. was made

  1. Somebody cleans the room every day.

A. The room everyday is cleaned. B. The room is every day cleaned.

C. The room is cleaned every day. D. The room is cleaned by somebody every day.



  1. People don’t use this road very often.

A. This road is not used very often. B. Not very often this road is not used.

C. This road very often is not used. D. This road not very often is used.



  1. How do people learn languages?

A. How are languages learned? B. How are languages learned by people?

C. How languages are learned? D. Languages are learned how?



  1. Over 1500 new houses _________ each year. Last year, 1720 new houses _________.

A. were built/ were built B. are built/ were built C. are building / were built D. were built/ were being built

  1. Tom bought that book yesterday.

A. That book was bought by Tom yesterday. B. That book was bought yesterday by Tom.

C. That book yesterday was bought by Tom D. That book was bought yesterday.



  1. The new computer system _________ next month.

A. is be installed B. is being installed C. is been installed D. is being installed by people
CHUYÊN ĐỀ 6
CÂU GIÁN TIẾP (REPORTED SPEECH)

* PHẦN I: LÝ THUYẾT

A. Câu trực tiếp và câu gián tiếp (Direct and Reported speech):

Giống: Luôn có 2 phần: mệnh đề tường thuậtlời nói trực tiếp hay lời nói gián tiếp

Eg: Tom says, “I go to college next summer

MĐTT Lời nói trực tiếp

Tom says (that) he goes to college next summer

MĐTT Lời nói gián tiếp



Khác:

a. Direct speech: Là lời nói được thuật lại đúng nguyên văn của người nói. Được viết giữa dấu trích hay ngoặc kép và ngăn cách với mệnh đề tường thuật bởi dấu phẩy

eg: John said, “I like reading science books”

The teacher said, “I’ll give you a test tomorrow”

b. Reported speech / Indirect speech: Là lời nói được thuật lại với ý và từ của người thuật, nhưng vẫn giữ nguyên ý. Không bị ngăn cách bởi dấu phẩy hay dấu ngoặc kép, và luôn tận cùng bằng dấu chấm câu.

Eg: John said (that) he liked reading science books

The teacher said (that) he would give us a test the next day

B/ Các thay đổi trong câu gián tiếp

1. Thay đổi động từ tường thuật: Động từ tường thuật của lời nói trực tiếp phải được đổi phù hợp với nghĩa hoặc cấu trúc câu của lời nói gián tiếp

Eg: He said, “Do you like coffee?”  He asked me if I liked coffee

“If I were you, I’d not buy that coat,” said Mary  Mary advised me not to buy the coat

Chú ý: SAY TO: không bao giờ được dùng ở lời nói gián tiếp. (phải đổi bằng TELL + (O))

TELL: không bao giờ được dùng ở lời nói trực tiếp.

2. Thay đổi các ngôi ( đại từ, tính từ, đại từ sở hữu):

VD: Mr Nam said to Hoa, “You take your book out and show it to me

- Tình huống 1: Một người bạn của Hoa tường thuật với người bạn khác: Mr Nam told Hoa that she took her book out and showed it to him.

- Tình huống 2: Hoa tường thuật với một người bạn khác: Mr Nam told me that I took my book out and showed it to him

- Tình huống 3: Thầy Nam tường thuật với người khác: I told Hoa that she took her book out and showed it to me

3. Thay đổi thời gian, địa điểm, các từ chỉ định

a. Từ chỉ thời gian


Câu trực tiếp

Câu gián tiếp

- now

- an hour ago

- today

- tonight



- yesterday

- tomorrow

- Yesterday morning/ afternoon

- Tomorrow morning

- the day before yesterday

- the day after tomorrow

- last year

- next month



 then, at that time, at once, immediately

 an hour before/an hour earlier

 that day

 that night

 the day before/the previous day

 the next day/the following day

 the previous morning/ afternoon

 the next/following morning

 two days before

 (in) two days’ time

 the year before/the previous year

 the month after/the following month



b. Từ chỉ nơi chốn, địa điểm:

HERE  THERE: Khi chỉ một địa điểm xác định

Eg: “Do you put the pen here?” he said  He asked me if I put the pen there

HERE cụm từ thích hợp tùy theo nghĩa:

Eg: She said to me, “You sit here”  She told me to sit next to her.

“Come here, John,” he said  He told John to come over him.



c. Các đại từ chỉ định:

THIS/ THESE + từ chỉ thời gian  THAT/THOSE

Eg: “They’re coming this evening,” he said.  He said (that) they were coming that evening

THIS/THESE + danh từ  THE

Eg: “Is this book yours?” said Mary  Mary asked me if the book was mine

THIS/THESE: chỉ thị đại từ  IT/ THEM

Eg: He said, “I like this”  He said (that) he liked it

Ann said to Tom, “Please take these into my room”  Ann asked Tom to take them into her room



4. Thay đổi thì của động từ


  • Các trường hợp thay đổi thì:

Khi các động từ tường thuật (say, tell, ask…) ở thì quá khứ, động từ trong câu gián tiếp phải lùi về quá khứ một thì so với câu trực tiếp.

Câu trực tiếp

Câu gián tiếp

Simple Present: “I don’t know this man”

Present Continuous: “I’m working for a foreign company”

Present Perfect: “I’ve read a good book”

Present Perfect Continuous: “I have been writing my report”.

Simple Past: “I finished my assignment”

Simple Future: “I will do it later”

Modal Verbs:

“I can work late today”

“I may see her tonight”

“I must/have to go now”



Simple Past: He said he didn’t know that man

Past Continuous: He said he was working for a foreign company

Past Perfect: He said he had read a good book

Past Perfect Continuous: He said he had been writing his report

Past Perfect: He said he had finished his assignment

Future in the past: He said he would do it later.

Past forms of modals:

He said he could work late that day

He said he might see her that night

He said he had to go then






  • Các trường hợp không thay đổi thì:

a. Khi động từ tường thuật (say, tell, ask…) ở thì hiện tại đơn, tương lai đơn hay hiện tại hoàn thành:

Eg: He says, “I don’t know the answer to your question”

 He says to me that he doesn’t know the answer to my question

They’ll say, “We’ll buy a new house”  They’ll say (that) they will buy a new house


b. Khi động từ tường thuật (say, tell, ask…) ở thì quá khứ, động từ trong câu gián tiếp không đổi thì trong các trường hợp sau :

- Tường thuật một sự thật hiển nhiên, một chân lý, định luật khoa học hay vật lý:

Eg: My teacher said, “Russia is the biggest country in the world”

 My teacher said that Russia is the biggest country in the world

He said, “health is more precious than gold”  He said (that) health is more precious than gold



- Được tường thuật ngay sau khi nói hay khi thuật lại sự kiện vẫn không đổi:

Eg: (In class): A: What did the teacher say?

B: He said (that) he wants us to do our homework

- Khi động từ trong câu trực tiếp là các động từ như: USED TO, hay các động từ khiếm khuyết: COULD, WOULD, SHOULD, MIGHT, OUGHT TO, HAD TO, HAD BETTER

Eg: He said, “They might win the game”  He said to me that they might win the game.

- Với MUST diễn tả lời khuyên:

Eg: “This book is very useful. You must read it”, Tom said to me.

 Tom told me (that) the book was very useful and I must read it.

- Khi động từ trong câu trực tiếp ở các thì: Past Continuous, Past perfect, Past Perfect Continuous, (nếu thì Simple Past đi kèm một thời gian cụ thể có thể không thay đổi thì).

Eg: He said, “I was eating when he called me”  He told me he was eating when she called him.



- Khi tường thuật mệnh đề ước muốn (wish): theo sau động từ WISH, WOULD RATHER, IF ONLY

Eg: He said, “I wish I were richer”  He told me he wished he were richer

She said, “I wish I had a good memory” She said she wished she had a good memory

- Các câu điều kiện loại 2, 3 (câu điều kiện không thật)

Eg: He said, “If I had time, I would help you”  He said to me if he had time, he would help me

- Cấu trúc “It’s (high) time…”

Eg: He said, “It’s time we went”  He said it was time they went.

He said, “It’s time we changed our way of working”  He said (that) it was time they changed their way of working.



C/ Các loại câu gián tiếp

1. Tường thuật câu trần thuật (statements)

- Dùng say hoặc tell để tường thuật

- Thường bắt đầu bằng: He said that…./ she said to me that…/ they told me that….,

eg: She said, “I’m happy to see you again”

 She said that she was happy to see me again

She said to me that she was happy to see me again

She told me that she was happy to see me again

- Chú ý đổi thì, các đại từ, các từ chỉ thời gian, địa điểm…


2. Tường thuật câu hỏi (questions)

a. Đối với câu hỏi trực tiếp (Wh-question)

- Thường bắt đầu bằng: He asked (me) …/ He wanted to know…/ She wondered….

Eg: She asked, “What is his job?”  She asked what his job was.

They asked me, “Where did you have lunch?”  They asked me where I had lunch.

- Không đặt trợ động từ trước chủ ngữ như trong câu hỏi trực tiếp.

- Không đặt dấu chấm hỏi cuối câu.

- Thay đổi thì , đại từ, các từ chỉ thời gian, địa điểm…

b. Đối với câu hỏi “Yes – No” hoặc câu hỏi lựa chọn “Or”

- Phải thêm từ “if/whether” để mở đầu câu tường thuật

eg: She asked, “are you a teacher?”  She asked him if/whether he was a teacher

They asked me, “Do you want to go or stay at home?”  They asked me if/ whether I wanted to go or stay at home.

- Câu hỏi đuôi được tường thuật giống câu hỏi Yes/No nhưng bỏ phần đuôi phía sau

eg: She asked, “You will stay here, won’t you?”  She asked me if/whether I would stay there.


3. Câu tường thuật với “infinitive”:

a. Tường thuật câu mệnh lệnh, yêu cầu (Imperatives / Commands or Requests) dùng cấu trúc: tell/ ask/ request/ order somebody (not) to do something

Eg: “Read carefully before signing the contract,” he said.  He told me to read carefully before signing the contract)

“The commander said to his soldier, "Shoot!"  The commander ordered his soldier to shoot.

“Please talk slightly,” they said.  They requested us to talk slightly.

“Listen to me, please”  He asked me to listen to him.

“Will you help me, please?”  He asked me to help him.

“Will you lend me your dictionary?”  He asked me to lend him my dictionary.

b. Tường thuật lời khuyên (Advice) dùng cấu trúc: advise somebody (not) to do something

Lời khuyên: - Had better, ought to, should, must

- Why don’t you + V?

- If I were you, I’d (not) + V…

Eg: “Why don’t you take a course in computer?” my teacher said to me.

My teacher advised me to take a course in computer.



c. Tường thuật lời mời (Invitation) dùng cấu trúc: invite somebody to do something

Eg: “Would you like to have breakfast with me?” Tom said to me.  Tom invited me to have breakfast with him.



d. Tường thuật lời cảnh báo (warn) dùng cấu trúc: warn somebody (not) to do something

“Don’t touch the red buttons,” said the mom to the child.  The mom warns the child not to touch the red buttons



e. Tường thuật lời nhắc nhở (reminders) dùng cấu trúc: remind somebody to do something

“Don’t forget to turn off the lights before leaving,” Sue told me  Sue reminded me to turn off the lights before leaving



f. Tường thuật lời động viên (encouragement) dùng cấu trúc: encourage / urge somebody to do something

“Go on, take part in the competition,” said my father  My father encouraged me to take part in the competition



g. Tường thuật lời cấu khẩn dùng cấu trúc: beg/implore somebody to do something

“Do me a favor, please,” said the servant to his master  The servant begged/implored his master to do him a favor.



h. Tường thuật lời đề nghị , tự nguyện (offers) dùng cấu trúc: offer to do something

Lời đề nghị: - Shall I + V

- Would you like me + to V

- Let me + V

Eg: Mary said to Ann, “Shall I get you a glass of orange juice?”  Mary offered to get Anna a glass of orange juice.

“Shall I bring you some tea?” He asked  He offered to bring me some tea



i. Tường thuật lời hứa (Promises) dùng cấu trúc: promise (not) to do something

Eg: “I’ll give the book back to you tomorrow,” he said  He promised to give the book back to me the next day.



j. Tường thuật lời đe dọa (threat) dùng cấu trúc: threaten to do something.

“I’ll shot if you move,” said the robber  The robber threatened to shoot if I moved


4. Câu tường thuật với “gerund”

Các cấu trúc của câu tường thuật với danh động từ:



S + V + V-ing: admit, deny, suggest…

S + V + preposition + V-ing: apologize for, complain about, confess to, insist on, object to, dream of, think of…

S + V + O + preposition + V-ing: accuse..of, blame…for, congratulate…on, criticize…for, warn…about/against, praise…for, thank…for, prevent…from…

Eg: “I’ve always wanted to study abroad,” he said.  He’s dreaming of studying abroad.

“It’s nice of you to give me some fruit. Thanks,” Ann said to Mary Ann thanked Mary for giving her some fruit

“I’m sorry, I’m late,” Tom said to the teacher.  Tom apologized to the teacher for being late

“Shall we meet at the theater?” he asked  He suggested meeting at the theater.
5. Câu cảm thán trong lời nói gián tiếp

What a lovely dress!  She exclaimed that the dress was lovely.

She exclaimed that the dress was a lovely one.

She exclaimed with admiration at the sight of the dress.


6. Các hình thức hỗn hợp trong lời nói gián tiếp

She said, “Can you play the piano?” and I said “no”

 She asked me if I could play the piano and I said that I could not
* PHẦN II: BÀI TẬP VẬN DỤNG

A. Choose the correct answer among A , B C or D.

1. “I wish..............eat vegetables”, he said.

A. my children will B. my children would C. whether my children would D. my children must

2. He wants to know whether I_____________ back tomorrow.

A. come B. came C. will come D. would come

3. I wonder why he______________ love his family.



A. doesn’t B. don’t C. didn’t D. hasn’t

4. He begged them --------------.

A. help him B. should help him C. to help him D. help to him

5. Peter asked Jane why -------------- the film on T.V the previous night.

A. didn’t she watch B. hadn’t she watched C. she doesn’t watch D. she hadn’t watched

6. He advised them -------------- in class.

A. to not talk B. not to talk C. to talk not D. don’t talk

7. Some one was wondering if the taxi -------------- yet.



A. had arrived B. arrived C. arrives D. has arrived

8. The government has announced that taxes --------------.

A. would be raised B. had been raised C. were raised D. will be raised

9. He proved that the earth -------------- round the Sun.

A. had gone B. was going C. goes D. would go

10. Claire wanted to know what time --------------.

A. do the banks close B. the banks closed C. did the banks close D. the banks would close

11. Julia said that she ___________ there at noon.

A. is going to be B. was going to be C. will be D. can be

12. He _______ that he was leaving that afternoon.



A. told me B. told to me C. said me D. says to me

13. She said to me that she __________ to me the Sunday before.

A. wrote B. had written C. was writing D. has written

14. Nam wanted to know what time ________.

A. does the movie begin B. did the movie begin C. the movie begins D. the movie began

15. He asked me _______ Robert and I said I did not know _______.

A. that did I know / who were he B. that I knew / who he had been

C. if I knew/ who he was D. whether I knew / who had he been

16. I asked Martha ______ to enter law school.

A. was she planning B. is she planning C. if she was planning D. are you planning

17. I wondered_______ the right thing.



A. whether I was doing B. if I am doing C. was I doing D. am I doing

18. Thu said she had been___________ the day before.

A. here B. there C. in this place D. where

19. Peter said that if he ________rich, he _________ a lot.

A. is – will travel B. were- would travel C. was – will travel C. been–would travel

20. They said that they had been driving through the desert__________.



A. the previous day B. yesterday C. the last day D. Sunday previously

21. He asked the children _________too much noise.



A. not to make B. not making C. don’t make D. if they don’t make

22. Laura said she had worked on the assignment since _______.

A. yesterday B. two days ago C. the day before D. the next day

23. Mr Hawk told me that he would give me his answer the………..day


A. previous B. following C. before D. last

24. John said he _________ her since they ________ school.

A. hasn’t met–left B. hadn’t met-had left C. hadn’t met/ left D. didn’tmeet – left

25. The woman asked __________get lunch at school.

A. can the children B. whether the children could C. if the children can D. could the children

26. She said that when she_________ to school, she saw an accident.

A. was walking B. has walked C. had been walking D. has been walking

27. He asked, “Why didn’t she take the final exam?” - He asked why __________ the final exam.

A. she took B. did she take C. she hadn’t taken D. she had taken

28. Peter said he__________ some good marks the semester before.

A. gets B. got C. had gotten D. have got

29. They told their parents that they___________ their best to do the test.

A. try B. will try C. are trying D. would try

30. Mary asked me where I___________ from.



A. came B. coming C. to come D. come

31. She asked me _______ my holidays _______.

A. where I spent / the previous year B. where I had spent/ the previous year

C. where I spent / last year D. where did I spend / last year

32. He asked me who____________ the editor of that book.

A. was B. were C. is D. has been

33. Jason told me that he _______ his best in the exam the _______ day.

A. had done/ following B. will do/previous C. would do/ following D. was going/ previous

34. The guest told the host that _______.

A. I must go now B. he must go now C. he had to go now D. he had to go then
B. Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each sentence below.

35. '' Where did you go last night''? she said to her boyfriend.

A. She asked her boyfriend where did he go last night.

B. She asked her boyfriend where he went the night before.

C. She asked her boyfriend where had he gone the night before.



D. She asked her boyfriend where he had gone the night before.
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