ĐỀ CƯƠng ôn thi tốt nghiệp thpt quốc gia môn tiếng anh



tải về 4.05 Mb.
trang11/46
Chuyển đổi dữ liệu07.07.2016
Kích4.05 Mb.
1   ...   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   ...   46

Là những cụm động từ có phần tiểu từ không thể tách ra khỏi động từ gốc vì nó chứa nghĩa của cụm động từ đó (verb-meaning).


VERB

MEANING

EXAMPLE

call on

ask to recite in class

The teacher called on students in the back row.

call on (2)

visit

The old minister continued to call on his sick parishioners.

get over

bình phục, khỏi (bệnh)

got over the flu, but I don't know if I'll ever get over my broken heart.

go over

review

The students went over the material before the exam. They should have gone over it twice.

go through

use up; consume

They country went through most of its coal reserves in one year. Did he go through all his money already?

look after

take care of

My mother promised to look after my dog while I was gone.

look into

investigate

The police will look into the possibilities of embezzlement.

run across

tình cờ gặp

ran across my old roommate at the college reunion.

run into

meet

Carlos ran into his English professor in the hallway.

take after

resemble

My second son seems to take after his mother.

wait on

serve

It seemed strange to see my old boss wait on tables.

break in on

interrupt (a conversation)

I was talking to Mom on the phone when the operator broke in on our call.

catch up with

bắt kịp

After our month-long trip, it was time to catch up with the neighbors and the news around town.

check up on

examine, investigate

The boys promised to check up on the condition of the summer house from time to time.

come up with

Đóng góp (suggestion, money)

Nghĩ ra


After years of giving nothing, the old parishioner was able to come up with a thousand-dollar donation.

We’ve come up with how to deal with the problem



cut down on

cắt giảm

We tried to cut down on the money we were spending on entertainment.

drop out of

leave school

I hope none of my students drop out of school this semester.

get along with

have a good relationship with

I found it very hard to get along with my brother when we were young.

get away with

trốn tội

Janik cheated on the exam and then tried to get away with it.

get rid of

eliminate

The citizens tried to get rid of their corrupt mayor in the recent election.

get through with

finish

When will you ever get through with that program?

keep up with

theo kịp

It's hard to keep up with the Joneses when you lose your job!

look forward to

anticipate with pleasure

I always look forward to the beginning of a new semester.

look down on

khinh thường

It's typical of a jingoistic country that the citizens look down on their geographical neighbors.

look in on

visit (somebody)

We were going to look in on my brother-in-law, but he wasn't home.

look out for

be careful, anticipate

Good instructors will look out for early signs of failure in their students

look up to

respect

First-graders really look up to their teachers.

make sure of

verify

Make sure of the student's identity before you let him into the classroom.

put up with

tolerate

The teacher had to put up with a great deal of nonsense from the new students.

run out of

dùng hết

The runners ran out of energy before the end of the race.

take care of

be responsible for

My oldest sister took care of us younger children after Mom died.

talk back to

answer impolitely

The star player talked back to the coach and was thrown off the team.

think back on

recall

I often think back on my childhood with great pleasure.

walk out on

abandon

Her husband walked out on her and their three children.



CÁC CỤM ĐỘNG TỪ (PHRASAL VERB) THƯỜNG GẶP

(trong chương trình SGK phổ thông)


  1. account for: giải thích, kể đến

  2. ask for: đòi hỏi

  3. break down = fail , collapse: hỏng, suy sụp

  4. break out = start suddenly: bùng nổ, bùng phát

  5. bring up = raise and educate: nuôi nấng

  6. bring about = cause sth to happen: xảy ra, mang lại

  7. catch up / catch up with: bắt kịp , theo kịp .

  8. call off : hủy bỏ

  9. call on = visit: viếng thăm

  10. call up: gọi điện

  11. carry on: tiến hành

  12. carry out: tiến hành

  13. catch up with: theo kịp với

  14. come along: tiến hành

  15. come on= begin: bắt đầu

  16. come out = appear: xuất hiện

  17. come about = become lower: giảm xuống, sa sút

  18. come over = visit: ghé thăm

  19. come up with: think of : Nghĩ ra

  20. cool off : (nhiệt tình) nguội lạnh đi, giảm đi .

  21. count on = investigate, examinate: tính, dựa vào

  22. differ from = not be the same: không giống với

  23. fall behind: thụt lùi, tụt lại đằng sau.

  24. fill in : điền vào, ghi vào

  25. fill out = discover: khám phá ra

  26. get over = recover from: vượt qua, khắc phục

  27. get up: thức dậy

  28. get along / get on with sth: have a good relationship with sb: hòa thuận

  29. give in: nhượng bộ, chịu thua .

  30. give up = stop: từ bỏ , bỏ

  31. go after: theo đuổi

  32. go by (thời gian : trôi qua

  33. go after = chase, pursue: theo đuổi, rượt đuổi

  34. go ahead = be carried out: được diễn ra, tiến hành

  35. go along = develop, progress: tiến bộ

  36. go away: biến mất, tan đi .

  37. go back = return: trở lại

  38. go in: vào, đi vào .

  39. go off (chuông ): reo, (súng, bom ): nổ, (sữa): chua, hỏng, (thức ăn), (đèn) tắt, (máy móc): hư

  40. go on = continue: tiếp tục

  41. go over: xem lại

  42. go out (ánh sáng, lửa, đèn): tắt

  43. go up: lớn lên, trưởng thành = grow up, (giá cả): tăng lên

  44. go down: (giá cả): giảm xuống

  45. hold up = stop =delay: hoãn lại, ngừng

  46. hurry up: làm gấp

  47. keep on = continue: tiếp tục

  48. keep up with: theo kịp , bắt kịp .

  49. lay down: đề ra

  50. let down: khiến ai thất vọng

  51. lie down: nằm nghỉ

  52. jot down = make a quick note of something: ghi nhanh

  53. look after: chăm sóc

  54. look at: nhìn

  55. look down on sb = coi thường

  56. look up to sb = respect: kính trọng

  57. look up: tìm , tra cứu ( trong sách , từ điển )

  58. look for: tìm kiếm

  59. make out = understand: hiểu

  60. make up = invent , put sth together: phát minh, trộn

  61. pass away = die: chết

  62. put on: mặc (quần áo) , mang (giày) , đội (mũ) , mở (đèn)

  63. put out = make st stop burning , produce: dập tắt , sản xuất

  64. put off = postpone : hoãn lại

  65. put up = build : xây dựng

  66. result in = lead to = cause: gây ra

  67. speak up : nói to , nói thẳng

  68. set off = begin : khỏi hành

  69. set up = establish : thành lập

  70. set out/ set off: khởi hành

  71. stand by : ủng hộ

  72. stand for: là viết tắt của…

  73. take after = resemble : giống

  74. take off : cởi (quần áo, giày, mũ ); (máy bay) cất cánh

  75. take over = take responsible for st /V-ing:đảm nhận trách nhiệm

  76. take up = start doing: bắt đầu tham gia

  77. try out: thử

  78. try on: mặc thử (quần áo)

  79. turn down: gạt bỏ, bác bỏ

  80. turn off : khóa , tắt (đèn, máy móc, động cơ …)

  81. turn on : mở (đèn, máy móc, động cơ …)

  82. turn round : quay lại, thay đổi hướng

  83. turn up : đến = arrive = appear (xuất hiện)

  84. wait up (for): thức đợi ai

  85. wash away: cuốn trôi đi, quét sạch

  86. wash up : rửa bát đĩa .

  87. watch out : đề phòng, chú ý

  88. wipe out = remove, destroy completely : xóa bỏ, phá hủy



* PHẦN II: BÀI TẬP VẬN DỤNG

CHỌN ĐÁP ÁN ĐÚNG


  1. What may happen if John will not arrive in time?

A. go along B. count on C. keep away D. turn up

  1. Johnny sometimes visits his grandparents in the countryside.

A. calls on B. keeps off C. takes in D. goes up

  1. They decided to postpone their journey till the end of the month because of the epidemic.

A . take up B . turn round C put off D. do with

  1. The stranger came ………. me and asked, "Is there a post office near here?"

A. on to B away from C. out of D. up to

  1. Frankly speaking, your daughter does not take …………..you at all.

A after B. along C. up D. over

  1. She is not really friendly. She does not get on well ____ her classmates.

A from B. with C. for D to

  1. I would be grateful if you kept the news ……….yourself. Do not tell anyone about it.

A from B . to C. for D. at

  1. I do not use those things any more. You can ………… them away.

A get B. fall C throw D. make

  1. They were late for work because their car …………..down.

A. got B. put C. cut D. broke

  1. The authority ………….. down that building to build a supermarket.

A. knocked B. came C. went D. fell

  1. I didn't get to see the end of that movie on TV last night. How did it ………….out?

A. go B. make C. bring D. turn

  1. I’m not surprised Margaret's ill. With all the voluntary work she's _...................., she’s really been doing too much.

A. taken off B. taken on C. taken in D. taken to

  1. At present we are __________ an anti-drug campaign.

A. setting up for B. carrying out C. taking part D. joining with

  1. At the station, we often see the sigh “…………. for pickpockets”.
    A. Watch on B. Watch out C. Watch up D. Watch at

  2. Let’s wait here for her; I’m sure she’ll …………………..

A. turn down B. turn off C. turn over D. turn up

  1. UNESCO………….United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

A. stands for B. brings about C. takes after D gets across

  1. Don't forget to …………….your gloves on. It is cold outside.

A let B . make C put D. fix

  1. The passengers had to wait because the plane……………off one hour late.

A. took B. turned C. cut D. made

  1. Be careful! The tree is going to fall.

A. Look out B. Look up C. Look on D. Look after

  1. The bomb exploded in the garage; fortunately no one hurt.

A put on B. went off C. got out D. kept up

  1. These shoes felt too tight, so I took……………and tried a larger size.

A. away them B. off them C. them away D. them off

  1. My father still hasn’t really recovered from the death of my mother.

A went over B. got over C. took over D. looked over

  1. I can’t …………… walking. Can we stop and have a short rest?

A go on B. get on C. go up D. get up

  1. When you are finished using the computer, can you please …………. it off.

A take B . turn C . do D go

  1. When the alarm went off, everyone proceeded calmly to the emergency exits.

A fell B. exploded C. called D. rang

  1. Look out. There is a rattlesnake under the picnic table!

A Listen B. Be careful C. Go D. Watch

  1. Mrs. Jones's husband passed away fast Friday. We’re all shocked by the news.

A got married B. divorced C. died D. were on business

  1. If you want to be healthy. you should ………….your bad habits in your lifestyles

A. give up B call off C break down D get over

  1. Watch ………… ! a car is coming

A. out B up C. away D off

  1. Try to study harder to catch …………….your classmates.

A up B. up with C. out D. with

  1. Don’t be impatient! I ‘m sure he will turn …………on time

A. up B .round C. on D. off

33. Go _______ this book because it has the information you need.



A. over B. by C. off D. on

  1. My husband spends far more time helping our three kids ________ homework and studying for tests than I do.

A. on B. to C. with D. in

  1. My husband and I take turns cleaning ________ the kitchen depending ________ who gets home from work earlier.

A. away / to B. from / in C. up / on D. with / for

  1. The efforts for the advancement of women have resulted ________ several respectively achievement in women's life and work.

A. at B. with C. for D. in

  1. The small white flowers are my favorite. They give off a wonderful honey smell that scents the entire garden.

A. release B. stop C. end D. melt

  1. I couldn't make out what he had talked about because I was not used to his accent.

A. stand B. understand C. write D. interrupt

  1. I'm sorry. I didn't mean to interrupt you. Please, go on and finish what you were saying.

A. talk B. quit C. continue D. stop

  1. The firefighters fought the blaze while the crowd was looking on it.

A. blowing B. watering C. preventing D. Watching

41. What does "www" ________ for? Is it short for “world wide web?”

A. sit B. stand C. lie D. point


  1. If you do not understand the word "superstitious," look it up in the dictionary.

A. find its meaning B. write it C. draw it D. note it

44. The firefighters fought the blaze while the crowd was looking on it.

A. blowing B. watering C. preventing D. watching

45. Not all women can do two jobs well at the same time: rearing children and working at office.

A. educating B. taking care of C. homemaking D. giving a birth

46. The driver skidded and ….a dog.

A. ran B. ran into C. ran after D. ran over

47. Aren’t you going to …the dress…before you buy it?

A. try/ X B. try/ up C. try/ on D. try /in

48. I’m sorry, sir. But you’ve already worn this dress. That’s why we can’t…it…..



A. take/ back B. take /after C. take/ in D. take/ again

49. Are you telling the truth? Or are you …………. the story.

A. making B. making up C. making for D. doing

50. It took women a long time to struggle ________ the right to vote.

A. for B. with C. against D. upon

51. Women are increasingly involved ________ the public life.

A. of B. in C. with D. from

52. Although the team was both mentally and physically exhausted, they ________ on walking.

A. stopped B. kept C. took D. put

53. If you don't pay your rent, your landlord is going to kick you out!

A. lend you some money B. play football with you

C. give you a kick D. force you to leave

54. Everything is _______ you. I cannot make _______ my mind yet.

A. out off / on B. up to / up C. away from / for D. on for / off

55. There is no food left. Someone must have eaten it _______.

A. out B. up C. off D. along

56. The explorers made a fire to _______ off wild animals.

A. get B. keep C. take D. go

57. If something urgent has _______ up, phone me immediately and I will help you.

A. picked B. come C. kept D. brought

58. The organization was established in 950 in the USA.

A. come around B. set up C. made out D. put on

59. Within their home country, National Red Cross and Red Crescent societies assume the duties and responsibilities

of a national relief society.

A. take on B. get off C. go about D. put in

60. It took me a very long time to recover from the shock of her death.

A. turn off B. take on C. get over D. keep up with

61. He did not particularly want to play any competitive sport.

A. use up B. do with C. take up D. go on

62. I am tired because I went to bed late last night.

A. stayed up B. kept off C. put out D. brought up

63. If I get this report finished I will knock _______ early and go to the pub for some drink.

A. up B. over C. on D. off

64. Boy! _______ away all your toys and go to bed right now.

A. Come B. Lie C. Put D. Sit

65. I have been trying to ring him up all day and I could not ______ through.

A. get B. take C. look D. hang

66. The water supply of the building was ______ off because the pipes burst.

A. handed B. held C. cut D. paid

67. Did your son pass the university entrance examination?

A. make up B. get along C. go up D. get through

68. Frankly speaking, your daughter does not take _______ you at all.

A. after B. along C. up D. over

69. I would be grateful if you kept the news _______ yourself. Do not tell anyone about it.

A. from B. to C. for D. at

70. My husband spends far more time helping our three kids _____ homework and studying for tests than I do.

A. on B. to C. with D. in

71. My husband and I take turns cleaning _____ the kitchen depending ____ who gets home from work earlier.

A. away / to B. from / in C. up / on D. with / for

72. The efforts for the advancement of women have resulted _____ several respectively achievement in women's life

and work.

A. at B. with C. for D. in

73. I couldn't make out what he had talked about because I was not used to his accent.

A. stand B. understand C. write D. interrupt

51. The firefighters fought the blaze while the crowd was looking on it.

A. blowing B. watering C. preventing D. watching

74. I cannot believe Peter and Mary ________ up last week. They have been married for almost fifteen years. I hope

they get back together.

A. went B. gave C. looked D. broke

75. It took us over twelve hours to hike over the mountain. By the time we got back to our campsite, I was completely ____ out.

A. worn B. went C. put D. knocked

76. The meeting didn’t ……………..until late.

A. end up B. break up C. come about D. fall through

77. The hotel didn’t …………….. my expectations.

A. come up to B. add up to C. get up to D. come down to

78. You should always have an alternative plan to …………….

A. bring about B. ask after C. feel up to D. fall back on

79. When I took I got over the business, I got more than I …………….

A. ask after B. bargained for C. drew up D. came in for

80. At first Tim insisted he was right, but then began to ………….



A. back down B. follow up C. drop off D. break up

CHUYÊN ĐỀ 14
1   ...   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   ...   46


Cơ sở dữ liệu được bảo vệ bởi bản quyền ©hocday.com 2016
được sử dụng cho việc quản lý

    Quê hương